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By James F. Eder

For many of the twentieth century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have proven homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time wooded area wasteland. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and filthy rich groups in keeping with in the community variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based in the course of the Forties. in response to specific details on the degrees of group, family and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 easy topics: the advance of a post-frontier village economic climate; family recommendations for survival and prosperity; and person targets as they relate to principles approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are attached into an built-in research of switch in the neighborhood throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.

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Additional info for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

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Sons and daughters inherit land and all other parental assets equally, both customarily and under the law, although upon marriage a youngest child may remain behind in and ultimately inherit the parental dwelling, there to assume primary responsibility for the care of the aging parents. In these and all other familyrelated matters, however, local practices are flexible and variable. Other things being equal, postmarital residence, for example, is customarily with or near the bride’s parents for a spell, but newly married couples readily adjust their behavior to practical, often economic concerns.

As elsewhere in the Hispanized Philippines, attitudes and practices surrounding marriage and sexuality in San Jose reflect the nation’s historical experiences with Catholicism and colonialism as well as wider, indigenous cultural understandings. A family does its best to control a young woman’s sexuality until Developing Community, Developing Region 37 she marries. If it becomes known that an unmarried woman is sexually active, she is talked about or (by some) even scorned, but unless she actually bears a child out of wedlock, such activity is harmful but not fatal to her marriage prospects.

Commercial logging, for example, contributes to loss of forest cover, and among the myriad of problems that result, increased siltation of streams and rivers destroys coastline mangrove swamps and hence the breeding grounds of many important fish species. Or again, the cyanide used by some unscrupulous operators in the live tropical fish trade wreaks havoc in coral reefs, and so on (Arquiza 1993a, 1993b; Hodgson and Dixon 1988). These are, of course, local versions of truly global concerns. A principal reason for changing local attitudes and practices in Palawan is the increasing vigor with which international and local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), broadly environmental and socially conscious in orientation, are attempting to nudge government development planning and everyday eco- 32 Chapter 2 nomic behavior in the direction of greater ecological sustainability.

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