By Ina Baghdiantz McCabe
In A historical past of world intake: 1500 – 1800, Ina Baghdiantz McCabe examines the heritage of intake during the early smooth interval utilizing a mixture of chronological and thematic dialogue, taking a entire and wide-reaching view of an issue that has lengthy been at the ancient schedule. The identify explores the subject from the increase of the collector in Renaissance Europe to the start of intake as a political device within the eighteenth century.
Beginning with an outline of the background of intake and the key theorists, similar to Bourdieu, Elias and Barthes, who've formed its improvement as a box, Baghdiantz McCabe ways the topic via a transparent chronological framework. Supplemented by means of illlustrations in each bankruptcy and varying in scope from an research of the good fortune of yankee commodities comparable to tobacco, sugar and chocolate in Europe and Asia to a dialogue of the Dutch tulip mania, A heritage of world intake: 1500 – 1800 is the proper advisor for all scholars attracted to the social, cultural and monetary heritage of the early smooth interval.
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Extra resources for A History of Global Consumption: 1500 - 1800
Standardization was a new step driven by consumer pressure. Textiles started being produced in only a few varieties that required less complex looms. This was especially true for wool but it also aﬀected the silk cloth production. With standardization, the industry did not have to adjust its equipment or skills to meet a demand that arose from continual change in fashion. The industry also produced lower quality cloths with wool it imported from as far away as northwestern Africa. Northern Europe produced a heavier wool cloth that sold successfully.
The wool and silk textile industries required merchants to go far aﬁeld to ﬁnd all the necessary raw materials and bring them home in order to sell ﬁnished luxury goods on international trade routes. The production processes of wool and silk from raw materials were completely diﬀerent. Wool derives from sheep and silk derives from the cocoon of the silk worm. The former passed through the hands of workers with a wide range of skills while the production of silk passed more directly through the cheapest type of labor, often women and children, to highly skilled weavers.
62 In quest of gold and silver, Portugal spearheaded exploration for new routes to Asia; Columbus’s failure to discover a passage to the riches of the East would be erased by Vasco de Gama’s arrival in India in 1497. Until then, the King of Portugal had relied on obtaining Sudanese gold via Arab middlemen in North Africa. 63 The Portuguese kings, King John II and King Manuel, funded major expeditions to capitalize on Vasco de Gama’s contacts with Indian merchants. He also hired Pedro Alvarez Cabral who ran oﬀ course, as Columbus had done before him, and accidentally “discovered” the west coast of Brazil.