By M. C. Ricklefs
This booklet is a complete introductory textual content at the historical past of Indonesia because the arrival of Islam ca.1300 to the current day. a necessary narrative of political historical past is supplied including info of social, cultural and monetary affairs. Emphasis is given to the heritage of the Indonesian humans themselves opposed to the history of the formation of the Indonesian country through an amalgamation of numerous yet similar ethnic groups. the complete interval because the coming of Islam is surveyed with specific recognition to significant impacts reminiscent of: the unfold of Islam; cultural traditions; Dutch colonisation; Islamic revivalism; anti-colonialism and independence. This booklet will help the intense learn of the prior and current of a country that's the main populous of Southeast Asia and of the Islamic global, a big oil manufacturer and but one of many poorest international locations on the earth. during this, the second one version, Professor Ricklefs comprises additional historiography and correct evidence because the book's first e-book in 1981, bringing his heritage of Indonesia thoroughly up to date.
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Extra info for A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300
South Sulawesi - Malacca, java, Brunei, Siam, Malay Peninsula: slaves, rice and gold from Makasar were traded directly by the Bugis for Indian textiles, benzoin, etc. At Malacca, this Indonesian trading system was linked to routes reaching westward to India, Persia, Arabia, Syria, East Africa and the Mediterranean, northward to PRE-COLONIAL STATES AND MAJOR EMPIRES 21 Siam and Pegu, and eastward to China and perhaps Japan. This was the greatest trading system in the world at this time, and the two crucial exchange points were Gujerat in northwest India and Malacca.
But the Dutch did one thing the Portuguese had not done: they established a permanent foothold inJava. This was to make their involvement fundamentally different from the Portuguese, and was to lead ultimately to the Dutch becoming a land-based colonial power in Java. In the late sixteenth century the United Provinces of the Netherlands (the most important being Holland and Zeeland) were under considerable pressure to expand overseas. The Dutch war of independence against Spain, which broke out in the 1560s and was not finally settled until 1648, had already brought important changes.
Mter the Portuguese came the Dutch, who inherited the aspirations and strategy of the Portuguese. The Dutch brought better organisation, better guns, better ships, better financial backing, and the same combination of courage and brutality. They very nearly achieved what the Portuguese had hoped but failed to achieve, control of the spices of Indonesia. But the Dutch did one thing the Portuguese had not done: they established a permanent foothold inJava. This was to make their involvement fundamentally different from the Portuguese, and was to lead ultimately to the Dutch becoming a land-based colonial power in Java.