By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation was once frightened to understand why the fur alternate from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff a long way into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from castle Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest identified description of the inner of what's this day manhattan country and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a prepared observer, and his magazine is not just a regular log of the place the excursion celebration traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's impressive wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply fundamental fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and an individual with a different curiosity in local American stories. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages provide a important new size to this variation of the journal.
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Extra info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
4. Two men came to me and said that I should come and see how they would drive out the devil; but I 20 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY 7. t’Fort nieuw Amsterdam op de Manhatans [The Hartgers View of Manhattan], 1626–1628, from Beschrijvinghe Van Virginia Nieuw Nederlandt, Amsterdam. said that I had seen that before. However, I had to go along anyway. There were twelve men here who were to drive him out; and because I would not go alone, I took Jeronimus with me. When we arrived, the floor of the house was completely covered with tree bark over which the devil-hunters were to walk.
At Fort Orange, 1634. 11 December. 3 Therefore, I asked Sr. Marten Gerritsen’s permission to go there and learn the truth of the matter in order to report to their High Mightinesses4 as soon as possible, because trade was going very badly. So for these reasons I went with Jeromus la Croex and Willem Tomassen. May the Lord bless our journey. 7 The Indians fed us venison here. The country is mostly covered with pine trees and there is much flat land. This waterway flows past their castle8 in their country, but we were unable to travel on it because of the heavy flooding.
On the patroonships, see Rink, Holland on the Hudson, 94–116, and Jacobs, New Netherland, 112–32. 8. Gehring, “Van Rensselaer Letter,” 28. On the founding and growth of the village that would become Albany, see Venema, Beverwijck. 9. Van Laer, trans. , Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts, 26, 271n14, 817. 10. ” 11. Fischer, Champlain’s Dream, 6. 12. Fischer, Champlain’s Dream, 327–34. 13. O’Callaghan, Register of New Netherland, 124; Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:54, 271, 2:194.