Download A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics by Martin Maiden PDF

By Martin Maiden

Publish 12 months note: First released in 1995 by means of Longman Publishing

A Linguistic background of Italian deals a transparent and concise rationalization of why sleek Italian grammar has turn into how it is. It makes a speciality of the results of ancient alterations at the sleek constitution of Italian, revealing styles and buildings which aren't constantly obvious to people who are just acquainted with sleek Italian. even supposing the publication concentrates at the inner historical past of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader historical past of the background of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements akin to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present learn are integrated, masking a variety of phenomena lately dropped at mild or re-evaluated.

This ebook comprises dialogue of a few parts fairly missed via previous histories of the language, comparable to the advance of Italian outdoors Italy. specific consciousness is paid to the impact of alternative Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language via a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.

Containing in actual fact awarded examples, the booklet is designed to be available to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it's going to consequently attract scholars of basic linguistics, heritage linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' heritage of Italian at the moment on hand in English.

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Additional resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)

Sample text

Describes briefly the occurrence of overlong vowels in his glossary and grammar of the dialect of Dithmarschen (the area in the vicinity of No. 21 of Figure 5). They developed synchronically due to the reduction of the number of syllables in the course of apocope or syncope, if the coda of the stem was not fortis. The stem vowel was compensatorily lengthened only if it was already long. If the stem vowel was short, the succeeding lenis consonant received overlength (Jørgensen 1934:54). 2. ’ < MLG kan vs.

CHAPTER 2. THEORETICAL BASIS 27 [tense], [long], [grave], [diffuse], and [flat]. Interestingly, Bellamy notes in his distinctive feature charts that the short lax vowels are left unspecified with respect to the length feature, the long tense vowels are [-long], and only the overlong tense vowels are [+long] (Bellamy 1968:116). The result is a ternary quantity distribution. This analysis is basically the first approach out of three possible analyses Bellamy suggests. It results in a total of 27 vowel phonemes (including diphthongs), and is preferred over the other two approaches in order to avoid the leap “into generative phonology as applied to dialectology and to avoid recourse to morphological criteria in an otherwise strictly phonological analysis” (Bellamy 1968:103).

Bremer 1929:1). )#! 56*07*88%0"9 28 20 CHAPTER 2. THEORETICAL BASIS deletion, bear a single H on the nuclear vowel. Bremer provides examples for the dragging tone but does not distinguish between lexical tone and sentence intonation based tones. He also does not mention the sentence context of the given words. Bremer essentially finds that not only overlong Vs and diphthongs are able to bear the dragging tone, but also short Vs plus nasals or the liquid /l/. 29 The combination of long V or diphthong plus /l/ also results in a dragging tone if apocope occurs, while a sequence of long V or diphthong plus nasal does not.

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