By David Madsen, David Rhode
David Madsen is the previous division Chair of Drafting expertise and an teacher at Clackamas group university, a certified AutoCAD. education heart in Oregon urban, Oregon. he's additionally a former member of the Board of administrators of the yankee layout Drafting organization.
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Additional resources for Across the West: Human Population Movement and the Expansion of the Numa
Joel Janetski takes a detailed look at recent changes in the prehistoric record of the eastern Great Basin, and Alan Reed follows with a similar paper focusing on the northern Colorado Plateau. Richard Holmer presents another model explaining the modern distribution of the Numa in the context of archaeological data from the Snake River Plain. The final paper by Mary Lou Larsen and Marcel Kornfeld raises a thorny theoretical issue addressing "ethnic markers" in the context of data from the Rocky Mountains and northern Plains.
Shaul did not argue that a Numic expansion had not taken place, only that it need not have been recent. Although the recency of the postulated spread was generally supported by several glottochronological estimates (Hale 1958; Goss 1968; Miller et al. , W. Miller 1966; Goss 1977; cf. Grayson, this volume). W. D. 1700 and the glottochronological estimate of 400 years (Hale 1958:107) is concordant, lending some credence to the use of the method with Numic. Accurate dating of the spread of Numic groups could perhaps be best accomplished using archaeological data, but the linking of archaeological data and linguistic models of Numic culture history has remained a "risky business" (Taylor 1961).
Miller 1984) by exploring his assumptions about the Numic homeland (cf. C. Fowler 1972) and the timing of the Numic expansion and (in one instance) by proposing an alternative model of Numic linguistic origins (Goss 1977). In a review of Great Basin linguistic studies, W. Miller (1966:81) argued that any language spread in the Great Basin would have to be associated with an actual population movement due to the relative instability of Great Basin social groups. , Taylor 1961) due to a lack of linguistic diversity in those areas.