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By John Holm

This textbook is a transparent and concise creation to the examine of the way new languages come into being. beginning with an outline of the field's simple strategies, it surveys the hot languages that constructed due to the eu growth to the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. lengthy misunderstood as "bad" types of eu languages, this day such types as Jamaican Creole English, Haitian Creole French and New Guinea Pidgin are famous as special languages of their personal correct.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)

Example text

When] Sir William Jones of the East India Company read his famous paper to the Royal Asiatic Society in Calcutta, wherein he established beyond doubt the historical kinship of Sanskrit, the classical language of India, with Latin, Greek, and the Germanic languages. This discovery led to the comparative historical work on the interrelationship of the Indo-European languages which dominated European philology for so much of the following century. Moreover, Jones raised the question of the role of language contact in language change: ‘both the Gothick and the Celtick, though blended with a different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit’ (quoted by Hancock 1977:277).

2). Yet in some respects he was rather naive; he thought that the French ‘Creole has in some cases recovered a final consonant, especially t’ (p. 131 – actually an archaic or regional feature; cf. 1) and that Papiamentu Creole Spanish ‘dipthongs [sic] ie and ue usually return to e and o, their Latin originals’ (p. 150 – actually Portuguese influence). The more general statements that Van Name made about the origin of the creoles (pp. 123–6) are few but provocative, frequently touching on issues that are still being debated.

L. Schumann wrote a 55-page manuscript dictionary of Saramaccan in 1778 (reproduced in Schuchardt 1914a) and a 135-page manuscript dictionary of Sranan in 1783 (reproduced in Kramp 1983). Like Oldendorp, Schumann distinguished between the creole as spoken by whites and by blacks. In 1778 Pieter van Dyk published a 112-page book on the ‘Bastert Engels’ of Suriname, with parallel columns in Sranan and Dutch – the first book published on a creolized variety of English. As on St Thomas, the Moravians developed a literary variety of the creole for translating the scriptures.

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