By Dharam P. Abrol
The international is dealing with meals drawback because the turning out to be human inhabitants is posing a danger to traditional assets and quick drawing close famine. within the subsequent 50 years, the worldwide inhabitants is anticipated to arrive nine billion doubling the meals, feed and crop call for. Concomitantly, this case has additional irritated due to pollinator decline all over the world leading to pollination hindrance. those difficulties were extra aided and abetted by way of an absence of prophylactic development within the conservation of biodiversity and elevated agricultural construction. between pollinators, honeybees are declining at alarming fee. the eu honeybee Apis mellifera is a well-studied insect. nonetheless the Asiatic honeybee Apis cerana which has supplied mankind with beneficial items, conservation of traditional assets and pollination of agricultural vegetation is comparatively little understood. This ebook discusses info on various points of Apis cerana biology, biogeography, copy, genetics, molecular phylogeny, interplay with different spoecies, floral assets, dance language, security from insecticides, administration difficulties, lack of genetic range, behavioural defence, position in foodstuff creation, livelihood protection and conservation concepts for safeguarding biodiversity and adorning crop productivity. The compilation of this publication is exclusive within the experience that during the context of pollinator decline over the realm, conservation of this species may be a step for maintaining meals protection. The booklet may be important to beekeepers, pollination biologists, scholars, lecturers, scientists of agriculture, animal behaviour, botany, conservation, biology, ecology, entomology, environmental biology, forestry, genetics, plant breeding, horticulture, toxicology, zoology, seed growers and seed agencies.
The writer is a widely known bee scientist, honoured with numerous nationwide and overseas awards. He has released over two hundred unique learn papers, authored 10 books and visited Switzerland, Poland, South Korea,Malaysia and several international locations as detailed invitee.
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Additional info for Asiatic Honeybee Apis cerana: Biodiversity Conservation and Agricultural Production
Nuluensis is liable to infestation by the parasitic Varroa mite, although in this case the particular species is V. underwoodi. (In this aspect, A. c. nuluensis is similar to A. nigrocincta). 5 Characteristics of the Indian Hive Bee 17 A. koschevnikovi Koschevnikov’s Bee, or A. koschevnikovi, Buttel-Reepen,1906 is a species of honeybee which inhabits Sabah, Malaysian and Indonesian Borneo, where it lives conspecifically with other honeybee species such as A. cerana (specifically A. c. nuluensis).
Himalaya, and A. c indica. Each subspecies has further locally adapted populations called ecotypes, which differ from each other in several biological and economic characters. For example, three ecotypes of subspecies A. c. himalaya that correspond to geographic distribution in: (1) the Naga and Milo Hills, (2) Brahmaputra Valley and Khasi Hills, and (3) the foothills of the north-east Himalayas have been identified. In some parts of the Hindu Kush Himalaya, A. c. cerana matches the European hive bee A.
Cerana into seven ecotypes indicated by Kshirsagar (1983), and redefined here, seems to be well-founded. It is possible that by further detailed investigations, additional ecotypes and races can be found. Deodikar et al. (1958) proposed that A. cerana originated by hybridization of a species of Trigona that had vertical multiple combs, with diploid species of Apis. They felt that the Indian hive bee possibly arose during Pleistocene glaciation, spread northwards through the Himalayas and gradually differentiated into the European hive bee.