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Example text

X-bar theory was originally intended to account only for lexical categories, such as Noun, Verb, Adjective, etc.. , Chomsky, 1986-a) that abstract grammatical information essential to syntactic representation also conforms to the same hierarchical structure. Categories that express such inflectional information are called functional categories and include Tense, Agreement, and Aspect. Initially, such information was included within a single node called Inflection. The sentence was analyzed as a projection of INFL, namely, as an Inflectional Phrase, or IP.

The 39 relative ordering of the different maximal projections within the expanded IP may vary according to the language. The ASL sentence structure proposed by ABKN (1992-a) is illustrated in Figure 3. The details will be discussed with respect to ASL data in subsequent chapters of this dissertation. TP NP T' T NegP Neg' Neg AgrSP AgrS' AgrS AspP Asp' Asp AgrOP AgrO' AgrO VP Figure 3 TP (ABKN, 1992) Embedded clauses are frequently introduced by a complementizer. If the structures containing the Complementizer and IP are to conform to X-bar theory, then it is reasonable to propose that the Complementizer is, in fact, the head of a regular X’ 40 projection.

However, more recently, it has been proposed that there are a number of separate functional categories, each having their own functional projection (Pollock, 1989; Chomsky, 1991). Figure 2 shows the basic tree proposed by Pollock. 38 CP Spec C' C TP Spec T' T NegP Neg' Neg AgrP Spec Agr' Agr VP Figure 2 Pollock’s Expanded INFL Tree Expanded IP Pollock (1989) proposed the Split-Infl Hypothesis, which expanded the Inflectional Phrase in order to account for other grammatical categories that required representation.

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