By Austin Ugwumadu
This textbook takes a brand new, dynamic method of the elemental sciences in obstetrics and gynaecology. It teaches applicants all they should understand for the MRCOG half 1 exam by way of extending the knowledge of the elemental clinical sciences and their relevance to obstetrics and gynaecology. Like traditional textbooks it teaches what's 'true', however it additionally what's 'false', and why. the main complicated techniques are mentioned in a problem-based layout in order that the appropriate easy sciences are taught and drawn jointly in context.
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Extra info for Basic Sciences for Obstetrics and Gynaecology: Core Material for MRCOG Part 1
1. The cardinal ligaments (also known as the transverse cervical or Mackenrodt’s ligaments) pass laterally on each side from the cervix and upper vagina to the side wall of the pelvis. They are made up of fibrous connective tissue with some involuntary muscle and are pierced in their upper part by the ureter on each side. 2. The pubocervical fascia extends forward on either side of the bladder from the lateral part of the cardinal ligament on each side of the pubis, acting as a sling for the bladder.
The ostium is surrounded by a number of finger-like processes, the fimbriae, which usually flop over the ovary and obscure it from view at laparoscopy. 2. The ampulla, which is wide, tortuous, and comparatively thin-walled. 3. The isthmus, which is narrow, straight, and thick-walled. 4. The interstitial part, which pierces the uterine wall at the junction of the uterine fundus and body. Apart from the interstitial part, the tube is covered with peritoneum. It is lined throughout by a ciliated columnar epithelium.
9). The clitoris lie deep to the ischiocavernosus muscle and arise from the ischiopubic ramus on each side. They meet in the body of the clitoris. The paired bulbs of the vestibule lie on each side deep to the bulbospongiosus muscle. Anteriorly each continues as a thin band of erectile tissue into the clitoris, uniting into a strand that expands into the glans at its tip. 9). ● ● It consists, like the penis, of three columns of erectile tissue but, unlike the penis, of course, it does not transmit the urethra, which opens behind it.