Quantity 11a at the biotechnology of wastewater is succeeded via the second one of 3 volumes on environmental strategies: quantity 11b offers a profound assessment of the decontamination of soil.
half I bargains with basic features of soil decontamination. Microbial basics and specific degradation approaches are handled partially II, and analytical options and strategies of soil clean-up are provided partly III.
Chapter 1 infected Soil components, varied international locations and Contaminants, tracking of Contaminants (pages 5–41): Wolfgang Ulrici
Chapter 2 Characterization of the Geological and Hydrogeological state of affairs, results on usual Geochemical limitations and Remediation (pages 43–59): Wilhelm G. Coldewey and Christoph Klinger
Chapter three Bioavailability of Contaminants (pages 61–88): Bernd Mahro
Chapter four “Humification” strategy or Formation of Refractory Soil natural topic (pages 89–125): Matthias Kastner
Chapter five Ecotoxicological evaluation (pages 127–141): Adolf Eisentrager and Kerstin Hund
Chapter 6 cardio Degradation by means of Microorganisms (pages 144–167): Wolfgang Fritsche and Martin Hofrichter
Chapter 7 ideas of Anaerobic Degradation of natural Compounds (pages 169–192): Bernhard Schink
Chapter eight Bacterial Degradation of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons (pages 193–209): Johann E. T. van Hylckama Vlieg and Dick B. Janssen
Chapter nine Degradation of fragrant and Polyaromatic Compounds (pages 211–239): Matthias Kastner
Chapter 10 Degradation of Chlorinated Compounds (pages 241–271): Catrin Wischnak and Rudolf Muller
Chapter eleven Microbial Degradation of Compounds with Nitro capabilities (pages 273–302): Karl?Heinz Blotevogel and Thomas Gorontzy
Chapter 12 Thermal procedures, Scrubbing/Extraction, Bioremediation and Disposal (pages 304–317): Michael Koning, Karsten Hupe and Rainer Stegmann
Chapter thirteen Bioremediation with Heap process (pages 319–328): Volker Schulz?Berendt
Chapter 14 Bioreactors (pages 329–347): Rene H. Kleijntjens and Karel Ch. A. M. Luyben
Chapter 15 In situ Remediation (pages 349–370): Thomas Held and Helmut Dorr
Chapter sixteen Degradation by means of crops — Phytoremediation (pages 371–384): Jerald L. Schnoor
Chapter 17 Phytoremediation of Metals (pages 385–397): David E. Salt and Alan J. M. Baker
Chapter 18 complicated in situ Bio?Remediation — A Hierarchy of expertise offerings (pages 399–414): Ronald Unterman, Mary F. Deflaun and Robert J. Steffan
Chapter 19 program of Immobilized Microorganisms in Soil Decontamination (pages 415–423): Hans?Jurgen Rehm
Chapter 20 Bacterial job Enhancement and Soil Decontamination (pages 425–439): Fu?Min Menn, James P. Easter and Gary S. Sayler
Chapter 21 Genetically Engineered Microorganisms and Bioremediation (pages 441–463): Fu?Min Menn, James P. Easter and Gary S. Sayler
Chapter 22 chances, Limits and destiny advancements of Soil Bioremediation (pages 465–476): Jurgen Klein
Chapter 23 Sampling and research of good subject (pages 477–507): Michael Roemer
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Extra info for Biotechnology: Environmental Processes II, Volume 11b, Second Edition, Second Edition
Important. Unfortunately, dispersion is difficult to measure in the field, because the flow direction of pollutants is also affected by other conditions and processes like stratification and Most sediments are deposited in layers. ion exchange (see Sect. 3). Each layer has its own grain size and grading of material. 8 Groundwater Movement is also a difference in the permeability. These differences affect the percolation of water Groundwater movement is controlled by through the aerated zone and the movement vertical and horizontal permeability and the of groundwater.
2 Characterization of the Geological and Hydrogeological Situation, Effects on Natural Geochemical Barriers and Remediation WILHELMG. 4 Application of Geochemical Models 55 44 2 Characterization of the Geological and Hydrogeological Situation 1 Introduction For man groundwater is one of the most valuable natural resources and very important for life and economy. So it is essential that everyone involved in groundwater issues should have some basic knowledge of the occurrence, movement, use, and protection of groundwater.
12 Action Thresholds 11 Risk Assessment In some states, risk assessments will be carried out by the administration in principle, other states will have them carried out by external consultants only. Victoria/Australia has established a specific auditors' system for this purpose. Most states, however, use a mixed approach, external consultants regularly assessing the risks and authorities performing an assessment of their own only from time to time. Lists of intervention or soil quality values, such as the Dutch list, are widely used, at least for decisions based on initial investigations.