Download British or American English?: A Handbook of Word and Grammar by John Algeo PDF

By John Algeo

Audio system of British and American English exhibit a few remarkable ameliorations of their use of grammar. during this special survey, John Algeo considers questions reminiscent of: •Who lives on a road, and who lives in a road? •Who takes a bathtub, and who has a bathtub? •Who says Neither do I, and who says Nor do I? •After 'thank you', who says in no way and who says you are welcome? •Whose workforce are at the ball, and whose group isn't really? Containing wide quotations from real-life English on each side of the Atlantic, gathered during the last 20 years, it is a transparent and hugely geared up advisor to the variations - and the similarities - among the grammar of British and American audio system. Written for people with no previous wisdom of linguistics, it exhibits how those grammatical modifications are associated more often than not to specific phrases, and gives an available account of latest English in use.

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Additional resources for British or American English?: A Handbook of Word and Grammar Patterns (Studies in English Language)

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1991 Feb. 3 Sunday Times 2/4. 3 Verb phrases “Verb phrase” here refers to a simple verb or combinations of a main verb and auxiliaries. 1 Present tense A passive present tense is sometimes used in British to report a generally current situation, for which American would use the present progressive, the present perfect, or a future tense. 1987 June 18 Hampstead Advertiser 12/1–2. > 1988 Apr. Illustrated London News 85/3. 1988 Sept. 15 Times 3/7. British also uses the active present tense with future meaning in contexts where American would favor an overtly marked future form or a progressive.

1990 Mar. 22 notice in a women’s toilet at a brokerage house, London. British uses of should are particularly common with the first person, where American would more often have would. In CIC, British percentages of I should versus I would are 28 versus 72; American are 13 versus 87. > 1987 Oliver 73. (Cf. ) used to 1. Neither American nor British favors used as an operator, although British is somewhat less averse to it than is American (Johansson 1979, 209). 3 times more frequent in British than in American.

British is especially more likely to use the past perfect where it is logically called for, to denote an action or state that existed prior to some other past action or state. > 1986 Oct. 12 Sunday Times 52/1–2. Yet American would be more likely to use was going on and didn’t have. The American preference for a nonperfect form is shown by the first two citations below, in which American typists substituted a preterit for a past perfect; such errors show the natural preference of the typist. > 1976 Hill 193.

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