By Dr Flemming Christiansen, Flemming Christiansen
This booklet paints the location of the eu out of the country chinese language in powerful shades. the virtually 1000000 chinese language in Europe are conventionally considered as 'silent immigrants' and depicted as introvert and culturally hidebound. accordingly, this advanced and engaging neighborhood with its a number of origins, its tricky relatives with China, its heritage of trouble and heavy toil and its vibrant leaders has been missed. What hides in the back of westerners' stereotypes?
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Extra info for Chinatown, Europe: An Exploration of Overseas Chinese Identity in the 1990s
These wealthier Chinese could well afford to do more to assist community ventures than they do at present. (House of Commons 1985, xxvii) The 1985 inquiry was instrumental in shaping the approach to the overseas Chinese in the years to come. This liberal thinking dictated that the community was considered a separate segment of society, and (in spite of an awareness of its heterogeneity) as rather undifferentiated. Transient problems of language and lack of information – which disappear gradually as migrants gain more language competency – were understood more in cultural than in practical terms (the proposed policy was to let local authorities culturalise the issues and direct specific ethnic resources towards them).
E. Indians and Pakistanis), German policy towards Turkish guest workers, and French policy towards North Africans from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. Policy changes were accompanied by ‘racialisation’ of the ethnic minorities, meaning that cultural and racial essence became a dominant criterion for constructing the groups at the receiving end of the policies. Policy concern was preoccupied with the largest ethnic groups, but included lesser groups like the Chinese. At the time when the large Chinese immigration in Britain, France and the Netherlands began, ethnic policy in these countries was emerging.
Transient problems of language and lack of information – which disappear gradually as migrants gain more language competency – were understood more in cultural than in practical terms (the proposed policy was to let local authorities culturalise the issues and direct specific ethnic resources towards them). Instead European Chinese identity in the 1990s 27 of providing large resources for English language training for all age groups and expecting that fluency in English would be achieved for all but the frailest elderly, the policy de facto perpetuated the problem by providing official services in Cantonese.