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By John Haiman (Ed.), Sandra A. Thompson (Ed.)

Typically the research of syntax is specific to the examine of what is going on in the obstacles of the prosodic sentence. even supposing the character of clause combining within a prosodic sentence has constantly been a relevant main issue of conventional syntax (in GG, e.g. it underlies very important examine on deletion and anaphora), paintings inside of a discourse research framework has not often been performed. Analyses like this are given within the current quantity.

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Extra info for Clause Combining in Grammar and Discourse

Example text

To assess topicality ratings of a participant I simply counted the number of references to that participant in the surrounding clauses, regardless of the coding strategies or grammatical relations. This gives a raw number which I assigned as the topicality value of the participant. 3 Since the subject of both clauses was co-referential, counting the degree of topicality and topic continuity of the subject would give no clue as to the relative importance of clauses. Thus I instead counted the direct objects of clauses with transitive verbs, and locative arguments of intransitive verbs.

On the basis of these assumptions, we can empirically assign a measure of topicality to NPs by using the methodology developed by Givón (1983). Thus I arrived at my diagnostics for topicality and topic continuity. A participant will be said to be of 'higher topicality' if it occurs more frequently in the dis­ course than another, hence less topical, participant. A participant will be said to be a 'more continuous topic' if reference to it is made at smaller intervals than to another participant.

Scott DeLancey, Tom Givón, Sandy Thompson, David Hargreaves and others have offered valuable advice. All errors and inconsistencies are my own. 2. ) has pointed out that there is variation between speakers in the mor­ phological coding of clause chains, and the syntactic repercussions of various forms. Thus some speakers appear to distinguish between two clause chaining constructions, although my consultant clearly does not. 3. I am using slightly different terminology than that proposed by Givón (1983) and used in other studies of this type.

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