By M. Rashid Khan (Eds.)
content material: fresh power from waste / M. Rashid Khan, Kenneth E. Daugherty --
effective and in your price range power restoration from waste via cofiring with coal / Charles R. McGowin, Evan E. Hughes --
restoration of ethanol from municipal strong waste / M.D. Ackerson, E.C. Clausen, J.L. Gaddy --
changing waste to ethanol and electrical energy through dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis / L.G. Softley, J.D. Broder, R.C. Strickland, M.J. Beck, J.W. Barrier --
gasoline assessment for a fluidized-bed gasification procedure (U-Gas) / A. Goyal, A. Rehmat --
remedy of municipal reliable waste via the hydrocarb strategy / Meyer Steinberg / Biomass-fueled fuel generators --
Joseph T. Hamrick --
Transition metals as catalysts for pyrolysis and gasification of biomass / L.A. Edye, G.N. Richards, G. Zheng --
Cofiring tire-derived gasoline and coal for strength restoration / D.J. Stopek, A.L. Justice --
changing waste polymers to strength items / P. Assawaweroonhakarn, J.L. Kuester --
Gasification-pyrolysis of waste plastics for the construction of fuel-grade fuel / L.L. Sharp, R.O. Ness, Jr. --
Estimating the heating worth of sewage sludge / M. Rashid Khan, Matthew A. McMahon, S.J. DeCanio --
getting ready pumpable combinations of sewage sludge and coal for gasification / Matthew A. McMahon, M. Rashid Khan --
steel emissions keep watch over applied sciences for waste incineration / James R. Donnelly --
steel habit in the course of scientific waste incineration / C.C. Lee, G.L. Huffman --
hint steel research of fly ash from combustion of densified refuse-derived gasoline and coal / Bassam S. Attili, Kevin D. Ingram, Chia-Hui Tai, Kenneth E. Daugherty --
Aluminosilicates as capability sorbents for controlling steel emissions / Mohit Uberoi, Farhang Shadman --
research of natural emissions from combustion of quickline binder-enhanced densified refuse-derived fuel-coal combinations / Russell Hill, Baushu Zhao, Kenneth E. Daugherty, Matthew Poslusny, Paul Moore --
Ash usage and disposal / Carl A. Holley --
usage of coal gasification slag / Vas Choudhry, Steven R. Hadley --
High-strength Portland cement concrete containing municipal sturdy waste incinerator ash / James T. Cobb, Jr., C.P. Mangelsdorf, Jean R. Blachere, Kunal Banerjee, Daniel Reed, Clayton Crouch, Coby Miller, Jingqi Li, Jeanette Trauth --
Assessing the feasibility of constructing and moving new power know-how to / H.M. Kosstrin, B.E. Levie.
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Additional info for Clean Energy from Waste and Coal
X y l o s e c o u l d be fermented t o a l c o h o l , a c i d s o r o t h e r v a l u a b l e c h e m i c a l s , w h i c h would improve the economics. However, s i n c e t h i s t e c h n o l o g y i s n o t p e r f e c t e d , such p r o d u c t s have not been i n c l u d e d . Table V I I . A. 0 Feedstock P r e p a r a t i o n Hydrolysis A c i d Recovery Fermentation & P u r i f i c a t i o n Utilities/Offsites Engineering B. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1992.
A c i d h y d r o l y s i s i s a much more r a p i d r e a c t i o n and v a r i o u s c o m b i n a t i o n s o f temperature and a c i d c o n c e n t r a t i o n may be used. Two methods o f a c i d h y d r o l y s i s have been s t u d i e d and d e v e l o p e d : a h i g h t e m p e r a t u r e , d i l u t e a c i d p r o c e s s (8,9) and a low t e m p e r a t u r e , c o n c e n t r a t e d a c i d p r o c e s s (10,11). F o r example, complete c o n v e r s i o n o f the h e m i c e l l u l o s e and c e l l u l o s e i n c o r n s t o v e r i n t o monomeric s u g a r s and sugar d e g r a d a t i o n p r o d u c t s r e q u i r e s m i n e r a l a c i d c o n c e n t r a t i o n s o f 2N a t temperatures o f 100-200 C ( 1 2 ) .
I t has been known f o r n e a r l y two c e n t u r i e s t h a t c e l l u l o s e c o u l d be c o n v e r t e d i n t o sugars by the a c t i o n o f m i n e r a l a c i d s ( 3 ) . The p r o c e s s became commercial e a r l y i n t h i s c e n t u r y w i t h d i l u t e a c i d p l a n t s b u i l t i n Georgetown, South C a r o l i n a , and F u l l e r t o n , L o u i s i a n a t o produce 2-3 m i l l i o n g a l l o n s o f e t h a n o l p e r y e a r from wood ( 4 ) . These p l a n t s o p e r a t e d through the end o f W o r l d War I when wood sugars c o u l d not complete w i t h cheap b y - p r o d u c t molasses from cane.