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By Sangam Shrestha

Climate switch in the world is having major affects on water assets administration in Southeast Asia. wisdom of weather adaptations and weather switch should be invaluable for water assets administration in agriculture, city and commercial water provides, hydroelectric strength iteration, and atmosphere upkeep. This publication provides the findings of case reports on forecasting weather swap and its affects on water availability, irrigation water necessities, floods and droughts, reservoir inflows and hydropower new release, and crop yield in particular basins of Southeast Asian international locations equivalent to Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam. All case reviews commence by way of forecasting the weather swap and investigating its affects through making use of a number of hydrological reservoir simulations and crop water requirement types. The findings supply sound and clinical recommendation for water managers at the genuine affects of weather switch and the way to evolve to its many challenges.

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Extra resources for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Water Resources and Water Use Sectors: Case studies from Southeast Asia

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However, the performance of the model is still in acceptable range and therefore the projection was carried out for the future time periods. 5 show the simulated future water availability for A2 and B2 scenarios at all HRUs considered. 65 Fig. 4 Percent change in decadal water availability for dry season in all HRUs for A2 and B2 scenarios water availability is univocal in some HRUs whereas it is in contradiction in others. For instance, in case of Salawin, Chao Phraya and Eastern gulf HRUs for dry season, the water availability is expected to fluctuate in the first three decades followed by an increasing trend for both scenarios.

Clim Dyn 41:2589–2602 Sharma D, Gupta AD, Babel MS (2007) Spatial disaggregation of bias corrected GCM precipitation for improved hydrologic simulation: Ping River Basin, Thailand. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 11:1373–1390 Sivakumar B (2011) Global climate change and its impacts on water resources planning and management: Assessment and challenges. Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess 25:583–600 Terink W, Hurkmans RTWL, Torfs PJJF, Uijlenhoet R (2010) Evaluation of a bias correction method applied to downscaled precipitation and temperature reanalysis data for the Rhine basin.

BTOPMC model has been successfully applied in many basins worldwide with satisfactory performance (Manandhar et al. 2013; Phan et al. 2010; Bao et al. 2010; Wan et al. 2009; Shrestha et al. 2007). In addition, it has also been applied successfully to Mekong River basin which validates the model’s ability to represent the hydrology of the basin (Kiem et al. 2008; Hapuarachchi et al. 2008). The model was calibrated by adjusting saturated transitivity, decay coefficient and rooting depth for the period of 2002–2006 in order to yield maximum NashSutcliffe efficiency criteria (Nash and Sutcliffe 1970) and R2 whereas minimize volume error (Bao 2006).

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