By Zygmunt Frajzyngier
The quantity contains papers ready for the overseas Symposium of Chadic Linguistics (Boulder, Colorado, might 1-2, 1987). even if the papers are consultant of the present paintings being performed within the box of Chadic linguistics, in addition they mirror the present and previous pursuits and methodologies of basic linguistics. The papers integrated within the quantity should still accordingly be of curiosity to a normal linguist up to to the Chadicist or a expert in another Afroasiatic department. The papers are grouped by way of the parts of linguistic fields and methodologies. Papers on syntax are by means of papers on morphology, phonology, and technique of ancient reconstruction.
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Extra resources for Current Progress in Chadic Linguistics: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Chadic Linguistics, Boulder, Colorado, 1-2 May 1987
Now, if we compare (4) to (5) and (6), we observe in the latters a subject-verb inversion effect, yielding an ASP-S-V-O order. Furthermore, note that the form of the ANAC MARQUIS 58 POT and CONT markers is different from the one used in declarative sentences. The chart in (7) summarizes the interaction among the type of construction, the form of the aspect marker and the word order derived. SVO Note finally that whereas the verb has the nomino-verbal form in (2) and (3), that is not the case in (5) and (6).
Suppose that this prohibition is general, so that not only verbs, but also nominals, may not form Case chains, as Koopman (1987) suggests for Bambara. If this is true, then how is it that an NP in [SPEC, CP] may receive Case from its trace? 9 A possible avenue of investigation would be the hypothesis that in these languages there is a rule of default Case assignment to [SPEC, CP] (or to A'-positions in general). The morphological effects of a rule of this sort can be seen in languages like Standard Arabic, where left dislocated and topicalized NPs have a default nominative Case (cf.
Walters, John. 1979. "Focus in Aghem". M. ), Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, No. 7. CASE ASSIGNMENT IN HAUSA, KANAKURU, AND NGIZIM BJ. JOHNSON Xavier University, Cincinnati This paper examines a number of constructions in three West Chadic languages-Hausa, Ngizim, and Kanakuru--which raise some questions about Case Theory as it is outlined in Chomsky (1980, 1981) particularly with respect to Inherent Case and the Case Filter. Based on these constructions and an analysis of the focus transformation in these languages, a Case framework is posited that proposes that Case assignment takes place only at S-structure, thus rejecting inherent Case; assumes that governors assign Case only once; and allows NPs to surface Case-free, thus rejecting the Case Filter as proposed in Chomsky.