Download Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia by Jameel M. Al-Khayri, Shri Mohan Jain, Dennis V. Johnson PDF

By Jameel M. Al-Khayri, Shri Mohan Jain, Dennis V. Johnson

This vital 2-volume reference e-book is the 1st accomplished source reflecting the present worldwide prestige and customers of date palm cultivation via nation. This quantity covers Asia and Europe. The Asian international locations integrated are: Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Pakistan, Oman, Yemen, Israel, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Syria, Palestine and India. Europe is represented by means of Spain. themes mentioned are: cultivation practices; genetic assets and breeding; conservation and germplasm banks; cultivar class and identity in keeping with morphological and molecular markers; micropropagation and growth towards scale-up construction; and advances in dates processing and advertising. Chapters are supported through tables and colour images. Appendixes summarize characteristics and distribution of significant cultivars, advertisement assets of offshoots and in vitro crops; and associations and clinical societies inquisitive about date palm.

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Additional resources for Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe

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8. 10. 7 Dates Production and Marketing Over one million mt of fresh dates currently are produced each year in Iran. Statistics show that 55–60 % of annual production is consumed domestically; 12–16 % is exported, leaving 24–33 % considered as surplus or wasted production. Most date fruits are consumed directly with little or no processing, although the quantity of processed date products is growing rapidly. According to export statistics of FAO, Iran has typically been the second largest date producer and exporter in the world over the decade 2002–2011.

In this method, dried pollen is dusted on a spherical piece of cotton about the size of a golf ball and 1–3 pieces placed between the strands of female inflorescences (Hajian 2005a). All the above traditional methods of artificial pollination are based on the climbing of the taller palms which is slow and costly operation and needs considerable labor and time to complete. Accordingly, mechanical pollination has become more popular especially in Kerman Province (Jiroft, Bam, and Kahnuj regions) in recent years (Pezhman 2001).

Many products, such as date syrup, alcohol, animal feed, date powder, different types of bread, marmalade, candy, chocolate, and date paste, can be obtained from dates. Other parts of the tree are also important in the rural economy. For example, the stem is used for making wooden boats and rafts as well as roof coverings for rural houses in addition to serving as raw materials for fiber, paper and wood industries. The foliage is used for making handicrafts such as fans and straw hats. It is estimated that more than 70 various products and by-products can be produced from different parts of date palm.

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