By James Robert Tanis
The note "pietism" frequently inspires a number of ambivalent im pressions. It has looked as if it would me more and more transparent that a few of the strengths of pietism were swept apart by way of reactions opposed to the excesses of the circulate. to correctly check the constructions of pietism, it is very important understand its matrix and to appreciate its ex ponents. In getting ready this research, for this reason, i've got sought to recapture anything of the individual of Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen in addition to the gist of his inspiration; whatever of his atmosphere in addition to the associations of his day. to accomplish this i've got traveled many by-paths and knocked on many doorways. however the earlier has now not continuously yielded its secrets and techniques; a lot is misplaced ceaselessly. Hagen in Westphalia, Frelinghuysen's birthplace, is now a contemporary urban and in simple terms in a couple of remoted details is it resembling Hagen in 1693. within the within reach village of Schwerte, even if, the ancestral church of his forebears is still because it used to be approximately 300 years in the past. The fitness center he attended in Hamm was once destroyed within the bombings ofW orld warfare II, notwithstanding the library he used in the course of his examine at Lingen continues to be mostly intact. within the tiny East-Frisian village of Loegumer Voorwerk, Frelinghuysen's first parish, it is easy to nonetheless stand within the pulpit the place he first preached his awakening gospel. but oddly sufficient, in the US, the place his identify is so much remembered, so much actual lines of his lifestyles have disappeared.
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Extra resources for Dutch Calvinistic Pietism in the Middle Colonies: A Study in the Life and Theology of Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen
2, p. SIS. 4 Johannes Everhardi (1672-1731) was the pastor in Pilsum, near Emden. His biography, Levens·beschryvinge van . Everhardi, was written by Eduard Meiners and published in Groningen in 1735. 5 Meiners was born in Emden in 1691 and died there in 1752. He wrote a number of works expounding this theological position. They included a four·volume commentary on Paul's letter to the Romans, an explication of the Emden Catechism, and a two·volume work entitled, Christus alles en in allen. 6 Boekzaal, 171Sa (June), p.
The second edition, published in 1720, was expanded by Outhof (1673-1733) to I I preliminary leaves and 886 pages of text. 2 Outhof, Verkaal, pp. [viii·ix]. 3 Outhof, Judicia Jekovae Zebaotk quibus peragrat kunc terrarum orbem, seu bellum divinum ... Groningen, 1721. 4 S . , Kronijkmatige en gesckiedkundige besckrijving van Purmerende, Purmerende, 1839, p. 307. 6 Corwin, A manual, p. 473. ROOTS IN EUROPE orientation, the Emden congregations moved steadily towards Calvinism as the teachings of Calvin spread north in the 1530's.
7 it Brakel (1635-17II) succeeded Ridderus and came from a strong pietistic family. His father, Theodorus (1608-1669), had written the beloved De trappen des geestelycken levens (The steps ofthe spiritual life) , which was a literary classic of the pietist movement. De trappen, posthumously published in 1670 by his son Willem, was Theodorus it Brakel's most widelyread book among the Jersey colonists. Not only was it frequently reissued in Dutch but it was also translated into German and published in Bern in 1698.