By Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson
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Additional resources for Early Human Occupation in British Columbia
An upper limiting age assessment for this large lake is provided by dates of 10,000 ±150 (GSC 1012) and 9990 ±150 (GSC 1059) on the 488 m above sea level shoreline of a much smaller lake in the Selkirk Trench (Fulton 1971). As with the geological dates, this relatively understudied part of northwestern North America does not have precise chronological control on early postglacial biotic representation. However, palynologists unanimously infer an open vegetation in which sage, grasses, birch, spruce, and fir are prominent 12,000 or more years ago (cf.
Artifacts at the Pink Mountain site were found thinly distributed over an area more than 1 km in length and 150 m in width (Figure 3). Two and possibly three areas of artifact concentration were noted, with the main concentration occurring at the crest of the ridge. Only 150 artifacts, including debitage, were recovered from the site. Artifacts were first noted in a road cut and testing showed that the buried cultural level is 5 to 10 cm below the present surface and is 2 to 6 cm thick. No stratigraphic separation of artifacts is apparent and no organics or charcoal have been found.
Though few dates from northern fluted point assemblages are available, limited evidence suggests a south to north spread of the fluted point tradition. More recent studies have yielded a number of points similar to the Charlie Lake Cave and Pink Mountain specimens, in private collections around the former shoreline of Glacial Lake Peace (Gryba 1988). In terms of the 1987 inventory, ten new sites were identified with half of these tentatively assigned to Archaic or Paleoindian occupations. Three sites evince unequivocally early point types (Figure 5).