By W. John Hutchins
Computing device translation (MT) was once one of many first non-numerical functions of the pc within the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. With restricted apparatus and programming instruments, researchers from quite a lot of disciplines (electronics, linguistics, arithmetic, engineering, etc.) tackled the unknown difficulties of language research and processing, investigated unique and cutting edge tools and strategies, and laid the principles not only of present MT structures and automatic instruments for translators but additionally of usual language processing as a rule. This quantity includes contributions through or in regards to the significant MT pioneers from the us, Russia, East and West Europe, and Japan, with memories of private stories, colleagues and opponents, the political and institutional history, the successes and disappointments, and specially the demanding situations and pleasure of a brand new box with nice sensible value. every one article encompasses a own bibliography, and the editor offers an outline, chronology and checklist of assets for the period.
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Extra info for Early Years in Machine Translation: Memoirs and biographies of pioneers
He introduced this idea only at the very end of his contribution to Session 7: The Dictionary in a short article entitled "The Solution of MT Linguistic Problems Through Lexicography" (Reifler 1961c). Reifler was dealing here with what he termed "pseudo-idioms" like the expression "the basic idea" in English. Such expressions are extremely numerous in all languages, usually consist of several free-form constituents, and are not recorded in dictionaries because the meaning of the parts is intelligible to all readers.
4L 1421-1428. Richens, R. H. and Booth, A. D. 1955. "Some methods of mechanized translation". Machine translation of languages, ed. N. D. Booth, 24-46. : Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Weaver, Warren. 1949. "Translation". [Repr. Machine translation of languages, ed. N. D. Booth, 15-23. ] Biographical details of the author Lew R. Micklesen (born 9 January 1921 in Red Wing, Minnesota; married, with two sons and one daughter). S. D. Navy Academy 1945-46; Air Force Russian Program, Syracuse University, 1951-52; Dept.
Since MT had and has a rather narrowly circumscribed area of lexical interest - contemporary scientific prose, we decided to gather a basic vocabulary of general scientific terms and general-language terms likely to occur in scientific texts. There was no ready-made source for this kind of lexical material in Russian; so we chose 111 one- or two-page passages from 105 different texts representing 40 fields and subfields of science. In this way we acquired a wide variety of technical terms, many of which had multiple meanings both technical and nontechnical.