By Jaap Scheerens
This e-book is a severe evaluate of the information base on academic effectiveness, protecting a interval of 5 a long time of study. It formulates a “lean” idea of fine education, and identifies and explains cases of “ineffectiveness”, resembling low influence sizes of malleable stipulations, for which expectancies are hugely strung. The ebook offers a systemic outlook on academic effectiveness and development, because it begins out from an built-in multi-level version that contains process point, university point and tutorial stipulations. It deals a class of college development suggestions and eventualities for procedure point academic development. particularly, the research is particularly systematic, accomplished and strongly grounded in thought. The publication incorporates a case learn research of assorted strands of improvement-oriented academic coverage within the Netherlands for instance of a few of the arguments used.
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Additional info for Educational effectiveness and ineffectiveness : a critical review of the knowledge base
Some of the opposing claims of both positions as stated by Jonassen (1991, p. 3. Constructivism claims that reality is more in the mind of the knower, but does not go as far as denying external reality altogether (solipsism), however some radical constructivists come very close to a position of complete denial. The image of student learning that goes with constructivism underlines the active role of the learner. Students are to be confronted with “contextual” real-world environments, or “rich” artiﬁcial environments simulated by means of interactive media.
E. g. class size, class composition). For simplicity’s sake, teachers will be seen as the prime “managers” of teaching and learning in classrooms. Later on teaching and learning will partly be attributed to the larger context of the school, characterized by certain organizational properties. The way teachers could influence student learning can be seen in terms of indirect conditions, such as the competencies the teacher brings to the teaching and learning situation, her/his influence on creating the learning environment, curricular choices, text books, media, and assessment tools and direct teaching strategies.
A garbage can model of organizational choice. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17, 1–25. Creemers, B. P. , & Kyriakides, L. (2012). Improving quality in education. Dynamic approaches to school improvement. London: Routledge. de Leeuw, A. C. J. (1990). Organisaties: Management, analyse, ontwerp en verandering: een systeemvisie. Assen/Maastricht: Van Gorcum. , & Heck, R. H. (2010). Leadership for learning: Does collaborative leadership make a difference? Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 38(6), 654–678.