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By Mohamed Behnassi, Katriona McGlade

This quantity brings jointly insights at the interactions among environmental switch and human safety within the heart East and Africa. those areas face specific demanding situations on the subject of environmental degradation, the decline of average assets and consequent hazards to present and destiny human security.

The chapters supply topical research from various disciplines at the concept, discourse, coverage and perform of responding to international environmental switch and threats to human security.

Case experiences from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq and Syria supply empirical facts, with a spotlight part devoted to the serious factor of water assets and water defense within the region.

The contributions exhibit particularly that the hazards posed to human safeguard come up via a number of and interconnected approaches working throughout various spatial and temporal scales. The complexity of those strategies calls for new methods of pondering and intervening. As a contribution, the present quantity presents attractive insights from conception and perform for these trying to handle the demanding situations of environmental change.

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3 Delivering Climate Security: Some Recommendations Climate change has the potential to reshape our economic and social systems. As such, it can also be seenas an opportunity to promote collaboration and co-existence between Northern and Southern states, forcing people to work together to find solutions (PACJA 2009). For Brock (2012: 14), this scenario would foster mutual dependence, solidarity and trust; developed states independently securing themselves against the adverse effects of climate change will only exacerbate the sense of ‘the West versus the rest’.

The world today is on the crossroads as global environmental change (GEC) is increasingly recognized by scientists, activists, and policy makers, as a reality threatening the future of mankind and ecosystem balance. Over the last decades, a widespread scientific and even political debate has been engaged on the influence of anthropogenic activities on accelerating environmental change and the degree of this responsibility compared to natural factors. Scientific data, evidence and worldwide research studies, consistent with each other, lead to a strong consensus that human factors are the main cause of increasing global warming, biodiversity loss, degradation of major ecosystems, etc.

In 2009, the UN General Assembly for the first time adopted a non-binding resolution on climate change as an international security problem2 requesting other Member States to address this linkage and requesting the Secretary-General of the UN to submit a report on this linkage (Brauch 2010: 29). In 2011, a meeting on climate change saw the agreement on a statement where the Security Council expressed its “concern that possible adverse effects of climate change may, in the long run, aggravate certain existing threats to international peace and security” (United Nations Security Council 2011: 1) and requested further reporting to the Secretary-General.

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