Download Environmental Impact of Polymers by Rémi Deterre, Jean-Francois Feller, Thierry Hamaide PDF

By Rémi Deterre, Jean-Francois Feller, Thierry Hamaide

This article addresses the typical adverse belief of polymer fabrics at the surroundings with a radical research of what relatively happens whilst and academia collaborate to discover environmental options. The publication examines the environmental and social results of polymer fabrics and explains tools of quantifying environmental functionality. With an emphasis at the significance of schooling, the authors pressure the significance of information and job in negating polymers' environmental effect.

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Green chemistry companies; 4. educational activities around recycling waste including plastics; 5. educational activities around chemistry where the issue of plastics is addressed; 6. artistic actions enhancing plastics; 7. substances considered to be toxic contained within plastics; 8. contribution of plastics to sustainable development; 9. chemical accidents involving plastics or occupational toxicity in the production of plastics; 10. call for waste collection; 11. voluntary corporate actions identified as limiting the environmental effects of plastics; 12.

Socio-political aspects of the two controversies in the scientific literature The controversy surrounding the regulation of the risks of endocrine disruptors has crystallized around conflicting arguments regarding the role of low-dose toxicity of chemical substances in general. Scientific confrontation between the classical vision in toxicology of postulating the monotonous character of the relationship between dose and effect, and the emergence of research showing the existence of non-monotonic [VAN 09] relationships, raises questions about the adequacy of the Chapter written by Laura MAXIM.

Generally for endocrine disrupters, the points in contradiction concern the existence of non-monotonic dose– response relationships, the relevance of proof of the physiological nature which seems to confirm the effects of low doses, and the importance of critical windows of exposure. Vandenberg et al. [VAN 09] analyzed in detail the scientific literature on BPA, including whether: – the mechanisms of action of the substance are understood for low doses; – the population is exposed to levels high enough for an effect to occur; – the oral route of exposure is the only relevant route; – BPA is conjugated by the digestive system; – animal studies can be extrapolated to humans; – the effects observed in animals exposed to BPA are consistent from one study to another; – BPA induces cancer.

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