By Jacques Chrétien, Daniel Dusser
This single-source reference offers present wisdom of the mechanisms of airway harm and service in accordance with environmental elements reminiscent of chemical substances, infectious brokers, pollutants, mechanical irritants, and poisonous brokers.
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Extra info for Environmental impact on the airways: from injury to repair
The conducting airways are subject to a variety of injuries depending on their structural dimensions and the composition of their walls, which change with distance from the larynx. Certain elements in the airway walls, such as the cartilage and the submucosal glands, diminish progressively and gradually disappear, with the cell lining and the epithelial functions changing concomitantly (see Chapter 2). This mucosal surface is an important target zone, as it is in direct contact with airborne substances.
Research Associate, Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, New England Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts Juan S. D. D. D. D. D. D. Path. Professor of Respiratory Medicine, Host Defence Unit, Department of Thoracic Medicine, Imperial College, Royal Brampton National Heart and Lung Institute, London, England James D. D. Professor of Medicine and Pathology and Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina Claire J.
Or by the transformation of gases or the Page 6 phenomenon of nucleation. Man-made particles, although of less overall significance, are also encountered in zones of high population density. ). , (cancer, chronic respiratory failure). Radioactive particles originate mainly from natural radioactivity; they also occur in the nuclear industry and in the explosion of nuclear arms. The physical properties of aerosols are largely determined by the interaction between the particles and the air. To be airborne, particles must be large enough not to behave like gases and small enough to remain in suspension in the air for a certain length of time.