By Rhoads Murphey
Is it attainable to spot the 'essence' of Ottoman kingship? And if that is so, what have been the center motivating ideas that ruled the dynasty over its six hundred yr lifespan and the way non-stop and constant have been they? Following the dying of the dynasty's eponymous founder Osman in 1324, 35 successors held the throne. regardless of the wide variety of personality characteristics, inclinations and private personal tastes, they led the growth, stagnation and eventual cave in of the empire. Rhoades Murphey deals another manner of knowing the soul of the empire as mirrored in its key ruling establishment: the sultanate. for far of the interval of centralized Ottoman rule among ca. 1450 and 1850 all the dynasty's successive rulers built and used the kingdom bureaucratic equipment to accomplish their ruling priorities, dependent round the palace and courtroom tradition and rituals of sovereignty in addition to the sultan's function because the head of the imperative kingdom administrative apparatus.
Sovereignty used to be connected to the individual of the sultan who moved (with his court docket) either frequently and for lengthy remains clear of his vital place of abode. within the interval among 1360 and 1453 there have been twin capitals at Bursa and Edirne (Adrianople) or even after 1453 numerous Ottoman sultans confirmed a choice for Edirne over Istanbul. Even Sultan Suleyman the superb - held by way of the Ottomans, western contemporaries and smooth analysts alike to be the top and paragon of Ottoman kingship - spent way more time clear of his place of dwelling on the Topkapi Palace than in it. This e-book explores the turning out to be complexity of the empire because it absorbed cultural affects and imperial legacies from a large variety of assets each one in flip engendering yet another interpretation of latest notions of kingship and definitions of the position and serve as of the ruler.
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Additional resources for Exploring Ottoman Sovereignty: Tradition, Image and Practice in the Ottoman Imperial Household, 1400-1800
THE TRADITION OF THE ROYAL HUNT The ultimate source for the practices associated with the royal hunt (çerge/şikar/ av) was the tribal code of the Oghuz Turks (Oghuz töresi). As an institution, the hunt served as a vehicle for expressing the values of discipline, order, control and communal cooperation governing its conduct, and, after its completion, it served to display the royal virtue of magnanimity and generosity governing the distribution of the game. 19 The punishment for abandoning one’s assigned position was severe.
POLITICAL CONDITIONS IN ANATOLIA AFTER THE FALL OF THE ABBASID CALIPHATE IN 1258 From the very outset, the Ottoman dynasty was associated with legislative initiatives and regulatory schemes that were designed to combat specific forms of disorder and market anarchy endemic in Anatolian cities during the pre-Ottoman era. Thus, to understand the basis of the broadening mandate for change and growing acceptance of Ottoman governance based on the rule of law requires that we look back to the half century preceding the Ottoman capture of Bursa in 1326 and attempt a portrayal of the general condition of lawlessness that prevailed in Anatolia during those times.
Indd 32 8/8/08 5:34:24 PM DYNASTIC ORIGINS 33 ELABORATION OF TRADITIONS ORIGINATING IN STEPPE SOCIETY INTO A GENERALIZED THEORY OF ‘BENEVOLENT’ DESPOTISM The centrality of food collection (the hunt) and food distribution (the feast) to royal iconography and to attributes associated with the ‘good’ ruler in polities dominated by a pastoral economy is clear enough. The vitality and longevity of these traditions outside the steppe zone is explained by two mutually reinforcing facts. Firstly, in the period between 1250 and 1500 the central lands of the Islamic world were largely ruled by Mongol or Turkic dynasties whose homeland traditions and cultural roots derived from the steppe area from which they had migrated.