By Jacques Hagoort (Eds.)
Gasoline reservoir engineering is the department of reservoir engineering that bargains completely with reservoirs of non-associated fuel. The best objective of reservoir engineering is the formula of improvement and creation plans that would bring about greatest restoration for a given set of financial, environmental and technical constraints. this isn't a one-time task yet wishes continuous updating through the creation lifetime of a reservoir.The aim of this e-book is to collect the basics of fuel reservoir engineering in a coherent and systematic demeanour. it really is meant either for college kids who're new to the topic and practitioners, who could use this booklet as a reference and refresher. each one bankruptcy will be learn independently of the others and comprises numerous, thoroughly labored routines. those workouts are a vital part of the ebook; they not just illustrate the speculation but in addition convey the right way to practice the idea to functional problems.Chapters 2, three and four are serious about the elemental actual houses of reservoirs and common gasoline fluids, insofar as of relevance to fuel reservoir engineering. bankruptcy five offers with the volumetric estimation of hydrocarbon fluids in-place and the recoverable hydrocarbon reserves of gasoline reservoirs. bankruptcy 6 offers the cloth stability technique, a vintage procedure for the research of reservoir functionality in keeping with the legislations of Conservation of Mass. Chapters 7-10 talk about a number of features of the stream of typical gasoline within the reservoir and the wellbore: unmarried part circulation in porous and permeable media; gaswell trying out equipment in keeping with single-phase movement rules; the mechanics of fuel movement within the wellbore; the matter of water coning, the construction of water besides the gasoline in fuel reservoirs with underlaying backside water. bankruptcy eleven discusses average depletion, the typical improvement alternative for dry and rainy gasoline reservoirs. the improvement of gas-condensate reservoirs via fuel injection is handled in bankruptcy 12.Appendix A lists the generally used devices in gasoline reservoir engineering, in addition to their conversion elements. Appendix B contains a few exact actual and mathematical constants which are of specific curiosity in gasoline reservoir engineering. ultimately, Appendix C comprises the actual homes of a few universal natural-gas parts.
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In reservoir engineering calculations we are interested in volume changes due to changes in reservoir fluid pressure. Changes in fluid pressure also induce changes in the hydrostatic stress a. To evaluate these changes one needs a mechanical model of the reservoir describing the stress state of the reservoir as affected by the pore pressure under an appropriate set of boundary conditions. A simple but often used model, applicable to relatively thin, horizontal reservoirs, assumes (i) a constant vertical stress equal to the overburden stress, (ii) equal horizontal stresses, and (iii) zero strains in the horizontal directions.
New York (1960) 5. : "Wasserbewegung durch Boden", 2. Ver. Det. , 45 (1901), 1782-1788. 6. : "Estimating the Coefficient of Inertial Resistance in Fluid Flow Through Porous ~ e d i a " ,Soc. Pet. Eng. J. (October 1974), 445450. 7. H. : "The Effect of Turbulence on Flow of Natural Gas Through Porous Media", J. Pet. Tech. (July 1962), 799-806. 8. , Shrimanker, N. : "Estimation of the Coefficient of Inertial Resistance in High-Rate Gas Wells", SPE Paper 14207 presented at the 60th Annual Fall Meeting, Las Vegas (1985).
51 (May 1972). 7. : "Volumetric and Phase Behaviour of Oilfield Hydrocarbon Systems", Soc. Pet. Eng. of AIME Dallas (1977), Appendix 11. 8. R. : "A New Equation-of-state for Z-Factor Calculations", Gas Technology, SPE Reprint Series no. 13, vol. 1 (1977). 9. : "Numerical Analysis", Schaumls Outline Series, McGrawHill Book Company (1968). 10. M. and Sherwood, Th. , Third Edition, 1977. 11. H. : "The Viscosity of Natural Gases", Gas Technology, SPE Reprint Series no 13, vol. 1 (1977). 1 INTRODUCTION In the preceding chapter we have discussed the qualitative aspects of the phase behaviour of natural gas systems.