By Joan Moore
during this illuminating examine Chicano gangs in East la, Joan W. Moore examines the adjustments and continuities between 3 generations of barrio gangs. As a sequel to the author's award-winning research, Homeboys (Temple, 1979), this booklet returns to an analogous neighborhoods to chart the advance of gang habit, specially when it comes to violence and drug use, and to match studies of female and male gang members.
In a amazing study collaborative attempt, Moore and gang contributors labored jointly to enhance an figuring out of either female and male gangs and an inner imaginative and prescient of gang individuals' lives. by utilizing excerpts from person interviews, the writer depicts extra in regards to the gangs than just their existence jointly as a unit; she provides them a voice. Gang participants speak about their own response to violence, drug utilizing and promoting, relations relatives and intra-gang relationship; they percentage intimacies that exhibit various degrees of loyalty to and dependency on their affiliations, which frequently turn into a relatives substitute.
After keeping local ties for 17 years, Moore's learn staff has demonstrated a dating with those groups that offers her a unprecedented viewpoint. this can be a attention-grabbing and informative e-book for a person drawn to sociology, criminology, adolescence habit and deviance, and ethnic studies.
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Additional resources for Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change
Thus the clique structure of the gang means that in addition to each clique's own mini-culture, the clique has the general culture of the gang-both in the streets and in the prisons-to draw upon for myths and legends of prowess. These legends invariably represent far more extreme behavior than displayed by most members of the clique itself. On top of all this, most cliques want to outdo their predecessors in acts of derring-do, which may involve violence, or drug use, or sexual activity. This also adds to the potential for a growth in deviance over time.
The clique was the closer friendship group within the barrio. The four cliques active during the late 1940s and early 1950s comprised our sample of earlier cliques. The gangs of this era might be viewed as transitional. Although violent barrio warfare was becoming endemic and costing many injuries and a continuous fire of newspaper publicity, the gangs still had many linkages to conventional groups. White Fence no longer carried the Purissima church banner, but the gang was still involved in sports competitions.
Throughout much of this period, Councilman (later Congressman) Edward Roybal was the sole elected official representing the needs of the East Los Angeles area (or indeed of Chicanos anywhere in Los Angeles County). Roybal took a very strong advocacy role in the events of the turbulent 1960s and 1970s. He began to be joined by other elected officials. Chicanos were elected to the Los Angeles school board, and to the state assembly. But access to the powerful county supervisors was con- 22 chapter two fined to a Chicano "representative" of a supervisor whose constituency also included wealthy Beverly Hills.