Download Greenhouse pest management by Raymond A. Cloyd PDF

By Raymond A. Cloyd

As the sustainable agriculture flow has grown, there was a dramatic bring up within the creation of horticultural plants in greenhouses around the globe. even though there are many guides linked to pest administration in greenhouses, Greenhouse Pest Management is the 1st accomplished ebook on handling greenhouse arthropod pests, quite in advertisement construction systems.

The e-book includes the required details on significant bugs and mites, describing their biology and existence cycle. colour photos are integrated to assist with id and in addition to demonstrate the wear and tear those bugs and mites could cause to greenhouse-grown horticultural plants. The publication additionally assesses innovations for handling greenhouse pests, akin to cultural, actual, and organic regulate in addition to using insecticides, and describes how cultural practices and sanitation have an effect on pest inhabitants dynamics.

Richly illustrated and providing fabric in a concise and targeted layout, Greenhouse Pest Management is an important publication for pro growers and pest managers, researchers, crop specialists and advisors, hobbyists, scholars, and executive agricultural extension brokers. It offers an intensive resource of textual and visible info for dealing with pests in greenhouses.

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Eggs hatch in 10 days or less depending on temperature. Slugs and snails are fully mature within 3 months to 1 year. They both have a radula, which is a tongue-like structure used to scrape plant tissue, thus allowing them to consume seedlings and plant leaves. 54). Slugs and snails are active at night, hiding during the daytime underneath containers, benches, or debris, and they exude a silvery muscus-like fluid as they move around on the surface of the growing medium. 50 Snail on leaf. 51 Slug on growing medium surface.

Inadvertently shipping crops with shore fly adults may result in the rejection of plant material shipments. 46 Shore fly adults (note white spots on wings). 47 Shore fly adult on leaf of basil plant. 48). 49). 48 Shore fly adult fecal deposits on plant leaves. 49 Algae accumulating on surface of growing medium. can also be found within the growing medium. However, larvae do not feed directly on plant roots. Similar to fungus gnats, shore fly larvae and adults may transmit soil-borne plant pathogens such as Thielaviopsis basicola and Pythium aphanidermatum.

They live from 7 to 10 days. Adults primarily aggregate near the growing medium surface. ) long. 24). The life cycle consists of an egg, four larval instars, pupa, and adult, which can be completed in 20–28 days depending on growing medium temperature. ) of the growing medium or inside plant tissue such as the crown or base. ) of the growing medium. 23 Fungus gnat adults on yellow sticky card. 24 Fungus gnat larvae (note distinct black head capsule). 25 Root-feeding damage caused by fungus gnat larvae.

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