By Elena Marushiakova, Vesselin Popov
This e-book explores varied groups residing in vital Asia and the Caucasus, who're in general amassed less than the umbrella time period of ‘Gypsies’, their multidimensional identities, self-appellations and labels given to them by means of surrounding populations, researcher and policy-makers. The e-book provides a number of Gypsy and Gypsy-like groups and offers a entire assessment in their historical past, demography, methods of lifestyles, prior and current occupations, and modern migration in post-Soviet house. The authors situate those groups in old settings and in addition within the wider context of latest evolving international and areal developments.
The e-book might be of curiosity to students and scholars of historical past, sociology, social anthropology, nationalities stories, worldwide and significant Asia and Caucasus areal reviews, and Gypsy/Romani stories, and in addition for policy-makers and civic corporations.
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Additional info for Gypsies in Central Asia and the Caucasus
As for the Mughat, their number could be very roughly guesstimated at 60,000–80,000, up to 100,000–120,000, but it is quite possible that this figure is in reality much larger. Currently, the majority of Mughat live in contemporary Uzbekistan, secondarily in Tajikistan, with only relatively few living in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the Turkmenistan situation remains unclear. As a result of migration to the Russian Federation there are already cases of Mughat who received new citizenship and remained there.
Were apparently linked in the GYPSIES OF CENTRAL ASIA 23 past with many of the above communities in Russian/Soviet Central Asia. The establishment of the modern country borders in the region in the late nineteenth century, following the end of the “Great Game” between the Russian and British empires, and their complete closure during the Soviet era and especially during the Cold War, started and developed processes of autonomous development of different parts of the formerly cohesive communities.
In most places we visited, the life of the Mughat in general is not too different from the majority. 40 E. MARUSHIAKOVA AND V. POPOV It is difficult to estimate the real profitability of begging. There are common widespread public stereotypes fueled actively by media; according to them begging brings an extremely high profit, and that these activities are controlled by the local bosses, called барон (“Baron”, whatever that means) or even by the mafia. In reality, according our interlocutors, income from begging in Tajikistan’s capital city brings in less than one dollar per day, while earnings in Kazakhstan are more profitable.