By United Nations
On conceal: dialogue Paper. On name web page: dialogue paper ready for the UNESCAP/UNAIDS professional staff assembly, Bangkok, could 12-13 2008
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Extra info for HIV & AIDS in Asia and the Pacific: A Review of Progress Towards Universal Access
At p. 37. 108 Ibid. at p. 39. 109 Ibid. at p. 40. 110 Ibid. at p. 33. 19 20 HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific Some effective models for HIV prevention among sex workers can be identified. All have, at their core, outreach activities for sex workers, most involving peer educators in the provision of condoms and in the management and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. 111 In many countries, parallel programmes have been mounted to influence the clients’ behaviour, most often done through peer education in workplaces, condom social marketing, and the mass media.
In Asia, licensed sex work is allowed only in the Philippines and Singapore. The possession of certain narcotics, meanwhile, can carry the death sentence in several countries in the region. 151 The criminalization of those groups which are most at risk tends to drive them underground and fosters distrust of state officials and projects. 152 Harassment not only makes it difficult to supply these groups with HIV services, it often precipitates the risk behaviour itself. For example, in Kolkotta, India, intensified police activity was recorded as the main reason for switching from smoking to injecting drugs, facilitating risk for HIV infection.
Sometimes, even national Governments are reluctant to grant international organizations or academic bodies access to data they consider sensitive. It is not unusual for those same Governments to then dismiss data collected by universities or international partners on the pretext that they did not collaborate with the national health system. 164 161 AIDS Commission Report, supra, at p. 125. 162 Ibid. at p. 116. pdf>. 164 AIDS Commission Report, supra, at p. 61. 35 36 HIV and AIDS in Asia and the Pacific However, HIV data collection has improved in several Asian countries over the past decade, largely due to increased pressure from external donors.