By Rajinder Peshin, David Pimentel
The publication offers with the current country and difficulties of built-in pest administration (IPM) as in relation to stakeholder attractiveness of IPM and the way IPM can turn into a sustainable perform. The booklet covers the implementation of built-in pest administration in united states, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Netherlands, China, India, Indonesia, Australia, Africa, and its impression in decreasing pesticide use in agriculture. The booklet additionally bargains with the influence of transgenic plants on pesticide use.
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Extra info for Integrated pest management. Vol. 4, Experiences with implementation, global overview
VfL Danish Agricultural Knowledge Centre Western corn rootworm Western corn rootworm ( Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) (order Coleoptera family Chrysomelidae) is a key pest of corn production. The adult beetle can cause damage by clipping the silks of the corn ears which can reduce kernel pollination. The larvae are the most damaging life stage, however. They can cause extensive yield loss by feeding on corn roots. Their damage causes reduced water and nutrient uptake and stalk lodging. lvi Abbreviations Western flower thrips The western flower thrips ( Frankliniella occidentalis) (order Thysanoptera, family Thripidae) is a tiny but destructive pest of emerging cotton and other crops.
The compound controls weeds by reducing the levels of three branchedchain aliphatic amino acids—isoleucine, leucine and valine—causing a disruption in protein synthesis. It is used to control grasses and broadleaved weeds. Tolerant crops include soybeans, peanuts, dry and edible beans, peas, alfalfa and imidazolinone resistant/tolerant corn. In-furrow pesticides In-furrow pesticides are those that are applied in the seed furrow at planting. They can be formulated either as liquids or wettable powders mixed with water, or as granules applied dry.
S. foods (Pimentel et al. 1977; Hart and Pimentel 2002); • Increased use of aircraft application of pesticides (note only 25 % of the pesticide gets into the target area treated when applied by aircraft) (Pimentel 1997); • Less attention given to pest infested fruit and crop residues, with more crop wastes left on the land; • The use of herbicide types that increase susceptibility of the crops to insect and mite attack (Oka and Pimentel 1976). S. alone (Benbrook 2012). S. decreased insecticide use by 56 million kg (Benbrook 2012).