By E. Doyle McCarthy
Drawing upon Marxist, French structuralist, and American pragmatist traditions, this energetic and available advent to the sociology of data supplies to its vintage texts a clean examining, arguing that numerous our bodies of information function inside tradition to create strong cultural inclinations, meanings, and different types. It appears to be like on the cultural effect of the kinds and pictures of mass media, and examines the authority of technological know-how, medication, and legislation as our bodies of latest wisdom and perform. ultimately, it considers the concept that of “engendered wisdom” via a attention of the complicated and sometimes stricken courting among girls and science.
The sociology of information has occasionally been marginalized as a slim educational specialization. This lucid examine reclaims it as an important device for all critical scholars of tradition in all its varieties.
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Additional info for Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge
By “material activity” is meant the actual intercourse of people as they exist and as they are conditioned by the social and productive forces of the social worlds they inhabit. Throughout the opening section of Marx and Engels’s The German Ideology, the “real life” of “actual human beings,” “as they really are” is contrasted with the conceptions (Vorstellungen), the imaginations and illusions that people hold. Ideology involves an understanding of how TRUE AND FALSE KNOWLEDGES 37 reality and conceptions of reality come to exist in opposition to each other—how consciousness fancies something other than what it really is.
In many respects, the new sociology of knowledge belies our collective sense of difference as the true mark of today’s “social reality,” a various and disparate reality, or what Asa Briggs has called our “disorderly ‘intelligible universe’” (1989, p. 31). Difference manifests itself both in the range and the types of signifying systems, from written texts of popular press and journalism, to film, television, videos, and photographs, to the varied fields of discourse used, for example, within the institutions and regimes of business, police work, and medicine—what Stuart Hall has called the “heterogeneity of discourses” (1980), the multivarious languages and practices through which we come to understand what is real for us and for others with whom we live and act.
There are duties that she knows to be right. These are inscribed in what she does (and doesn’t do) when her parents or children get sick, and in what she does for her husband. These actions are given meaning, such as in a community or in an assembly of prayer, in marriage and friendships, and in the feelings that she is allowed to express (or not to express). Her actions are also given meaning in the speeches of churchmen and politicians she listens to about family values and motherhood, in what she is told by those authorities from whom she seeks advice.