By Kees Versteegh
This e-book introduces the reader to the most important concerns and issues that experience decided the improvement of the Arabic linguistic culture. it really is beneficial to somebody with an curiosity within the historical past of Linguistics.
content material: publication hide; name; Contents; creation; Linguistics and exegesis: Muqtil at the rationalization of the Qur'n; Al-Khall and the Arabic lexicon; Sbawayhi and the beginnings of Arabic grammar; the talk among common sense and grammar; the improvement of linguistic concept: Az-Zajjj on linguistic clarification; the connection among speech and notion: Al-Frb on language; The 'Ikhwn a-af' at the concept of sound and that means; The foundation of speech: Ibn Jinn and the 2 choices; a brand new semantic method of linguistics: Al-Jurjn and as-Sakkk on meaning
summary: This publication introduces the reader to the foremost matters and subject matters that experience made up our minds the advance of the Arabic linguistic culture. it truly is important to a person with an curiosity within the heritage of Linguistics
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Additional info for Landmarks in Linguistic Thought Volume III : the Arabic Linguistic Tradition
Abû Sa‘îd said: “You are wrong, because correct speech is distinguished from wrong speech by the ordering of its composition and by the correctness of its declension, when it is Arabic we are speaking. False meaning is recognized by reason, when it is by reason that we are investigating…. ” Mattâ retorted: “They need to do that because logic investigates those intentions that can be understood and those meanings that can be grasped, by studying the impulses of the mind and the motions of the soul.
Arabic linguistics was, however, not purely descriptive either: for grammarians such as Sîbawayhi it was not enough simply to describe the language as it was used or spoken. Their aim was much more ambitious: since language is part of God’s creation and since Arabic was the language selected by God for his final revelation to humankind, it was bound to be a perfect language without deviations or exceptions. Every single part of the Arabic language must exhibit this perfection and it was the selfappointed task of the grammarian to show in the tiniest detail of the linguistic structure that this was indeed a system in which every element was in its place, in which every phenomenon was explicable.
Apart from his new arrangement al-Jawharî also introduced a system of notation for vowels and diacritical signs, by writing them out in full with the names of the vowels. , for the verbal noun the pattern fa‘l is taken to be canonical, fa‘al is indicated with the term muharrak “vowelled”). The root ‘-sh-q is found in the chapter of the letter q and reads as follows: Al-‘ishq: excess of love; ‘ashiqa-hu, [verbal noun] ‘ishq, pattern of ‘alima-hu, [verbal noun] ‘ilm; also ‘ashaq; on the authority of al-Farrâ’.