By Ms. Ellen Johnson
This booklet discusses phrases utilized in the Southeast and the way they've got replaced in the course of the twentieth century. It additionally describes how the lexicon varies based on the speaker's age, race, schooling, intercourse, and position of place of abode (urban as opposed to rural; coastal as opposed to piedmont as opposed to mountain). info gathered within the Thirties as a part of the Linguistic Atlas of the center and South Atlantic States venture have been in comparison with facts accrued in 1990 from comparable audio system within the comparable communities.The effects express that sector was once an important think about differentiating dialects within the Thirties yet that it's the least vital aspect within the Nineties, with age, schooling, race, and age all displaying in regards to the similar impression at the use of vocabulary. An appendix encompasses a tally of the responses given via seventy eight audio system to a hundred and fifty questions about vocabulary goods, in addition to audio system' observation. effects from the Nineteen Thirties can be in comparison to these from 1990, making this a treasure trove for somebody drawn to nearby phrases or in how our speech is altering because the South strikes from an agricultural economic system via industrialization and into the knowledge age.
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Additional resources for Lexical Change and Variation in the Southeastern United States, 1930-1990
Urban speakers are underrepresented relative to the total current population of the area, particularly for the second sample. The counties in these states did not necessarily become urbanized at the same rate as the population. Urbanization results as much or more from movement of people to urban areas from rural ones as from an increase in population in formerly rural areas. Since the sampling procedure was based on finding informants in the same counties, the 1990 sample is less like the general population in terms of rurality.
0060 < previous page page_48 next page > < previous page page_49 next page > Page 49 Table 11 shows that the most educated informants did not know the most common verb for taking off the outside part of a bean, as compared to the other two groups (which show equivalent usage). On the other hand, firedogs, a term for andirons, was commonly used by the lowest educational group and rarely by the highest, with the middle group showing an intermediate degree of use. 0003 33 Categories with three divisions can provide further insight into transition areas.
The first was to extract the information for the relevant 39 informants from the LAMSAS databases with 1,162 informants, and to construct comparable database tables for the 1990 interviews. This resulted in a set of eleven databases, as listed in Table 1. Each database contains the results for approximately 14 questions. There are two tables for each question, one for each data set. Each table includes the following columns: "inumber" and "informid" (informant identification codes); "comnt" and "comtext" for comment codes and longer commentary, respectively; ''doubtflg" to flag doubtful responses (Y or -0-); and "item" for the response to the question, with one row per response.