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By Frederick J. Newmeyer

Linguistic conception in the USA (2nd version) records the origins and improvement of the world's significant linguistic idea, transformational generative grammar (Chomskyan linguistics). The publication treats all facets of this improvement, from the Fifties to the current, with emphasis on particular subject matters: the amazingly swift victory of transformational grammar over the yankee structuralist culture from which it arose; and the interior debate among "generative semantics" and "interpretive semantics" within the overdue Nineteen Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies. the second one variation covers the most recent ways to syntax--the government-biding idea, generalized word constitution grammar, and lexical-functional grammar.

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Generative Phonology 31 the new model. While the other papers at this conference are not memorable and the content of Chomsky's is little more than an elaboration of some points in Syntactic Structures, the proceedings of the conference (Hill 1962) are nevertheless wonderful reading. The reason is that they faithfully transcribe the discussion sessions at the end of each paper. Here we can see linguistic history documented as nowhere else: Chomsky, the enfant terrible, taking on some of the giants of the field and making them look like rather confused students in a beginning linguistics course.

Since 1969, he has taught at Tel Aviv University, where he has also built a successful program. 2. The Ascendancy of Transformational Generative Grammar The established leaders of American structuralism recognized from the outset that Chomsky's theory represented a profound challenge to contemporary ideas about how to carry on linguistic research. And they recognized as well that the essence of the challenge lay in Chomsky's ideas about how language might be studied scientifically. 5. Winning the Revolution 37 Society of America in 1964 (published as Hockett 1965), went so far as to characterize the publication of Syntactic Structures as one of "only four major breakthroughs" in the history of modern linguistics (Hockett 1965:185).

Syntactic Structures 27 that we are forced to conclude that grammar is autonomous and independent of meaning" (p. 17). The independence of grammar and meaning is stressed so many times in that book that many commentators have assumed that Chomsky simply took over the position of Harris and Bloch, an assumption often going hand-in-hand with the implication that this demonstrates that he had not really broken completely from post-Bloomfieldian structuralism. But a careful reading of Syntactic Structures clearly falsifies this conclusion.

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