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By Simon Clarke

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The men i seem [[e;] to be linguists] (d. *The men seem to be a linguist) b. The men i want [PRO to be linguists] (d. *The men want to be a linguist) c. pro sono felici [+ mas. ] '(they) are happy' Note that in terms of intrinsic features, the empty categories are identical to AG, which, as we noted earlier, is the collection of ~ features contained in INFL. We discuss this further in the next chapter. , unlearned). It is not at all clear how the child could "learn" the properties associated with these phonologically null elements insofar as they have no overt manifestation in the input data.

1) Play it Eating cereal Shake hands See window Want more apple No go in We will argue that the above sentences, though ungrammatical in adult English, are the well-formed output of an early grammar, which we refer to as G 1• We will further argue that G 1 is a "possible" grammar. though it differs from the adult grammar of English. In particular, it differs with respect to the value specified along a specific parameter of UG, the AG/PRO parameter. The AG/PRO parameter, otherwise referred to as the 'Pro-drop Parameter' (Chomsky, 1981), or the 'Null Subject Parameter' (Rizzi, 1982) accounts for the possibility of phonologically null subjects in languages like Italian and Spanish, a phenomenon which was discussed briefly in the previous chapter.

II Stowell (1981) proposes a theory of phrase structure in which the rules of the categorial component are entirely eliminated. Phrase structure representations are derived from the interaction of several principles of grammar, among which the Projection Principle figures prominently. 12 For discussion of the properties of particular lI-roles, see Jackendoff (1972). 13 See Chomsky (1965) for detailed discussion of subcategorization. 14 The empty category [e) in [NP, S) position is required by the Extended Projection Principle, as is the case in the example in (20) in the text.

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