By J. Daniel Rogers, Bruce D. Smith
During the Mississippian interval (approximately A.D. 1000-1600) within the midwestern and southeastern usa quite a few better and lesser chiefdoms took form. Archaeologists have for a few years explored the character of those chiefdoms from the viewpoint universal in archaeological investigations—from the pinnacle down, investigating ceremonial elite mound constructions and predicting the elemental family unit from that info. as a result of the elevated variety of box investigations on the group point lately, this quantity is ready to circulation the size of research right down to the extent of neighborhood and family, and it contributes to significant revisions of cost hierarchy concepts.
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Extra resources for Mississippian Communities and Households
A "structure" is represented by the remains of its subterranean basin, floor, wall foundations, and auxiliary roof supports. A "building" is the aggregate of a structure and its interior furnishings, such as pits, hearths, and benches or partitions as represented by posthole patterns. "Household" is used here in the sense of Winter's (1976:25-31) "household cluster" to indicate a spatially and temporally discrete complex of buildings and outdoor facilities that was the domestic context of a "family," the term used for a minimal social unit or corporate residence group (Hayden and Cannon 1982).
1984) derived from the hinterland sites included in this analysis. D. D. D. D. 1250-1400). The results of the recent research at Cahokia conform to the phase definitions, but they also establish early and late portions of the Stirling phase on the basis of ceramic traits (Holley 1989) and structural data (Collins 1990). Sample and Methods This study addresses the question of what happens to households as town life evolves pristinely (Adams 1975; Fried 1967) out of village life, that is, in the absence of overwhelming outside influence.
This model of the Parkin phase is based on new data that replaced an only slightly earlier view that proposed a five-tiered system ranging from scattered farmsteads through large specialized ceremonial centers [Klinger 1975]') By contrast, other settlement systems, such as the Caddoan sites in northeast Texas (Story 1981:149) and east Oklahoma (Rogers, this volume [chapter 4]; Wyckoff 1980) or the Caborn-Welborn phase settlements in the vicinity of the Alzie site in Kentucky (Green and Munson 1978:320), consisted of mound sites and dispersed communities, but no tightly packed palisaded villages.