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By Brian Hosmer, ed.

Harry S. Truman oversaw the start of a dramatic shift within the courting among the U.S. executive and local americans. now not ordinarily linked to local americans or local American affairs, Truman s presidency marked the tip of the Indian New Deal began below the Roosevelt management and the beginning of a coverage referred to as termination, which expected the top of tribalism and the assimilation of all local american citizens by means of encompassing ultimate repayment for tribal grievances, relocation to city facilities, and a dismantling of the belief courting among the govt and local American international locations. Truman, inspired by means of chilly struggle politics, Republican competition in Congress, and the becoming civil rights flow, tried to honor the guarantees of the U.S. executive and help tribal self-determination whereas upholding the wider objectives of termination. Drawn from contributions via students, activists, lawyers, politicians, and representatives from numerous local American countries, this assortment considers the rapid results of termination, in addition to its long term results. instead of resulting in the destruction of local American sovereignty and tradition, one of many legacies of termination used to be the increase of contemporary local American activism. And, as Brian Hosmer writes within the advent, Truman could have liked the get to the bottom of established via local humans, and their efforts towards knowing self-sufficiency and self-government.

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James LaGrand’s history of the Chicago Indian community, Indian Metropolis, appeared in 2002 and it remains the only full historical study of urban Indian migration and community formation. Minneapolis, Cleveland, Denver, Oakland, Houston, Los Angeles, and Seattle all await their historians.

20 Cowger, National Congress of American Indians, 30–48; Wilkinson, Blood Struggle, 102–3; and Cobb, Native Activism, 30–38. 21 Rosier, “‘They Are Ancestral Homelands’”; and Cobb, Native Activism, 13–22. 22 Rosier, “‘They Are Ancestral Homelands,’” 1303. For more on the Workshops on American Indian Affairs, see Cobb, Native Activism, 24–27, 73–75. 23 Cobb offers the best treatment of NIYC and Indian activism as it developed coming out of the termination era. 24 Truman, “Statement by the President Making Public a Report on the Needs of the Navajo Indians,” December 2, 1947, in Public Papers, Truman, 1947, 503–4; and New York Times, December 10, 1947, quoted in Rosier, “‘They Are Ancestral Homelands,’” 1311.

Organizing the Lakota: The Political Economy of the New Deal on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1992. Blackhawk, Ned. ” OAH Magazine of History (November 2005): 13–17. Burt, Larry. Tribalism in Crisis: Federal Indian Policy, 1953–1961. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982. Clemmons, Linda M. ” In Encyclopedia of United States Indian Policy and Law, edited by Paul Finkelman and Tim Alan Garrison, 1:417–21. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2009.

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