Download Nature and the Environment in Pre-Columbian American Life by Stacy S. Kowtko PDF

By Stacy S. Kowtko

Prehistoric North americans lived on, in, and surrounded by means of nature. for this reason, every thing they have been resulted from this co-existence. From interpersonal kin to supernatural ideals, from housing measurement and serve as to the foodstuff they ate and garments they wore, the lifetime of local americans sooner than the coming of Europeans was once in detail intertwined with the surroundings. what's identified approximately those societies is usually sketchy at most sensible, having survived principally via archaeological continues to be and oral culture. students have attempted to appreciate local American background by itself phrases, attempting to comprehend who and what they have been in truth - a posh, assorted multitude of populations that outlined themselves totally via what they observed, heard, and skilled daily - their common environment.

This obtainable source offers a very good creation for these wanting a primary step to studying the day-by-day lives of local americans within the centuries prior to the arriving of Europeans.

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Extra info for Nature and the Environment in Pre-Columbian American Life

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After European contact, tribes began to define their territories more strictly, but prehistoric groups often combined efforts and shared territorial rights. Especially in larger endeavors, such as the buffalo jumps and pronghorn traps, there were often more meat and animal resources than one band or tribe could use. Buffalo were the most useful to native communities. Besides the use of buffalo meat as a major food source, buffalo hides could be made into everything from tepees and shoes to shields and drums.

One unique feature of these tribes is that out of all of the Native American groups in North America, this region and its people is one of the least disturbed by contact with Westerners and Europeans, following only the Inuit of the Arctic areas in their seclusion. This means that present-day groups still exhibit many traditions beliefs, attitudes, and customs somewhat less influenced by Western contact. This gives us a window into what other native communities might have evolved into had they been left more to their own historical devices.

Tribes in the western areas experimented with root foods also, but the environmental challenges of 18 Nature and the Environment in Pre-Columbian American Life climate and water supply prevented western tribes from developing a more advanced farming culture. In fact, the often scarce availability of resources also regulated the size of the tribes, keeping them smaller than in other areas of the continent. Population density during the late pre-Columbian period ranged from 25 people per 40 square miles to less than 10 in harsher areas.

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