By Vivian Budnik, L. Sian Gramates, Ronald J. Bradley, Robert Adron Harris, Peter Jenner
Neuromuscular Junctions in Drosophila gathers the most contributions that examine utilizing the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has made within the quarter of synapse improvement, synapse body structure, and excitability of muscle groups and nerve cells. The chapters during this publication signify a synthesis of significant advances in our knowing of neuronal improvement and synaptic body structure, that have been bought utilizing the above approach.This e-book is directed to the final neuroscience viewers: researchers, teachers, graduate scholars, and complicated undergraduates who're attracted to the mechanisms of synapse improvement and body structure. notwithstanding, the e-book can also be a important source for those who use the fruit fly as a version method of their laboratories. Key beneficial properties* Synthesizes the genetic methods used to review synaptic improvement and serve as on the neuromuscular junction, utilizing flies as a version procedure* Covers significant fresh advances in muscle improvement, pathfinding, synapse maturation and plasticity, exo- and endocytosis, and ion channel functionality* Written in transparent language that's simply comprehensible to readers now not already acquainted with fruit fly study* comprises a number of diagrams and wide reference lists
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Additional resources for Neuromuscular Junctions in Drosophila
Cell 81, 631-639. 84. , Hudson, K. , and Anderson, R V. (1988). The Toll gene of Drosophilu, required for dorsal-ventral embryonic polarity, appears to encode a transmembrane protein. Cell 52, 269-279. 85. , and O'Connor, T. P. (1994). Cytoskeletal events in growth cone steering. CUT. Opin. Neurobiol. 4, 43-48. 86. Burden-Gulley, S. , Payne, H. , and Lemmon, V. (1995). Growth cones are actively influenced by substrate-bound adhesion molecules. J. Neurosci. 15, 4370-4381. 87. de la Torre, J. , Hopker, V.
36These cells are known as adult muscle precursors (APs). 36It is only as they assemble to form the adult muscles that these cells in turn lose twist expression and begin to Thus maintained twist expression in the late embryo labels a special set of adult muscle-forming cells that, like the founders of larval muscles, are formed as a consequence of the specification and division of muscle progenitors. B. FOUNDER CELLS, FUSION-COMPETENT CELLS, AND THE FORMATION OF MUSCLES As emphasized at the beginning of this review, all muscles share common characteristics of contractility and excitability that result from the activation of a general pathway of myogenic differentiation.
TIONAI. OGY, VOL. 43 25 CopyriEht . - 0 1999 by Academic Press. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved. 00 26 MICHAEL BATE et al. FIG. 1. Diagram showing internal (left) and external (right) views of the larval muscle pattern in abdominal segments A2-A7. External muscles are shown in dark gray, with more internal muscles in lighter shades of gray. Each muscle is identified according to the scheme given in Refs. ' DA, dorsal acute; DO, dorsal oblique; DT, dorsal transverse; LO, lateral oblique; LT, lateral transverse; LL, lateral longitudinal; VA, ventral acute; VO, ventral oblique; VT, ventral transverse; VL,ventral longitudinal; SBM, segment border muscle.