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By John Anderson

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Example text

A) as 0 simply. However, it is doubtful whether one can maintain even the position that the with-phrase in the (b) instances in (71) and (72) represents an instrumental. a). (87) a. John smeared the wall with paint with a large brush b. a) somewhat awkward). 11 Such a source, then, is in Fillmore's terms (in the absence of a more 'abstract' analysis) in conflict with the contraint requiring 1 case per Prop. e. a). a): (88) a. a)) rather than the instrument ofloading. Nor (as Dave Roberts has pointed out to me) do these with-phrases allow the with to drop optionally in such consti:uctions with use as are illustrated by Fred used the hay to load the wagon with.

Let me make it plain that I do not consider that the account we have arrived at of the syntax and semantics of the spray paint phenomena is totally adequate. 7. b) etc. originates 58 Grammars of Case as the subject in an embedded clause. 2 also, when taken together with the discussion of 'instrumental with' in § 1. 7, and its use as a 'comitative' marker, fails to provide a uniform account of the source of this preposition, despite the fact that there are semantic similarities between all three instances (cf.

For observe that there will have to be two rules of semantic interpretation involved; one which applies to deep subjects in instances like (76), another which is associated with the deep objects in (71) etc. In the case grammar account, on the other hand, the holistic interpretation is associated uniquely with the presence of abs. Thus, ascribing the determination of the holistic/partitive distinction to 'deep structure' configurations destroys the possibility of giving a unitary interpretation such as is provided by a case grammar which is like Fillmore's except for an independently motivated relaxation of two of the discriminatory constraints we discussed above.

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