By Richard E. Hughes
How does prehistoric fabric get from its homeland to its place of archaeological restoration? whereas this question could appear simple, a moment’s mirrored image means that the solutions hold very important implications for arc-haeological interpretation approximately social association, cost, and subsistence practices. Archaeologists understand a lot concerning the temporal and spatial distribution of fabrics in prehistoric western North the USA, yet relatively little has emerged in regards to the motives of such distributions. alternate and trade, mobility, and direct entry all were credited with saw distributions, however the purposes for making a choice on particular behavioral linkages isn't made clear.
This quantity investigates the conditions and prerequisites below which trade/exchange, direct entry, and/or mobility top account for fabric conveyance throughout various distances at varied instances some time past. every one bankruptcy contextualizes distributional and chemical facts, evaluates competing distribution hypotheses, and addresses the reasoning and inferences hired to reach at conclusions concerning the human behaviors accountable for the distributions of fabrics. individuals exhibit a number various and artistic methods of considering those matters within the California and nice Basin archaeological list, and why it matters.
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Additional resources for Perspectives on Prehistoric Trade and Exchange in California and the Great Basin
Ceramics, although expressing a style recognizable as Juntunen, also varied more subtly within regions depending on traditional patterns of interaction. Similarly, proportions of lithic raw material from Juntunen sites tend to fall off from the source but, at the same time, reflect traditional patterns of material movement and community interaction (O’Shea and Milner 2002:220). Although specifics may vary, other regions occupied by tribal societies may exhibit structural characteristics recognizable through material remains.
1986 Late Prehistoric Obsidian Exchange in Central California. D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Stanford University. 1988 Amending Models of Trans-Sierran Obsidian Tool Production and Exchange. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 10:62–72. , and Jonathon E. Ericson 1994 Prehistoric Exchange Systems in California. G. E. 385– 415. Plenum Press, New York. Janetski, Joel C. 2002 Trade in Fremont Society: Contexts and Contrasts. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 21:344–370.
The emergence of regional styles in human societies indicates a degree of socioeconomic cohesion and interaction. Examples are many but include the Olmec in Mesoamerica (Clark and Pye 2006) and the Chaco phenomenon and Classic period Hohokam in the American Southwest (Cordell 1997). Linda Cordell characterizes Chaco and the Classic Hohokam as integrated systems that, among other things, mark territory 22 Interaction and Exchange in Fremont Society economically self-sufficient and politically autonomous villages (see also Carneiro 2002:35).