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By Sherri Hilgeman

By studying the pottery came across at a well known archaeological website, Hilgeman constructs the long-awaited timeline for the increase and decline of this historic society.

Located close to present-day Evansville, Indiana, the Angel website is among the vital archaeological cities linked to prehistoric Mississippian society. greater than million artifacts have been amassed from this website in the course of excavations from 1939 to 1989, yet, in the past, no systematic survey of the pottery sherds have been performed. This quantity, documenting the 1st in-depth research of Angel website pottery, additionally offers students of Mississippian tradition with a chronology of this significant site.

Angel is usually proposal to were occupied from sooner than A.D. 1200 to 1450, yet students were pressured to regard this era as one chronological unit with none feel of the expansion and decline of the society that occupied it. utilizing radiocarbon assays and an research of its morphological and stylistic attributes of pottery, Sherri Hilgeman is ready to divide the profession of Angel right into a sequence of recognizable phases. She then correlates these levels with comparable ones at different archaeological excavations—especially close by Kincaid—making it attainable to match Angel society with different local cultures of the decrease Ohio Valley. via this crucial contribution to local pottery stories, Hilgeman opens a window into the lifeways of prehistoric Angel society and locations that society within the better context of Mississippian culture.

 


 

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Extra resources for Pottery and Chronology at Angel

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Jars also have globular bodies, but their necks are only slightly restricted when compared to the necks of bottles. As is the case with bowls, cooks can easily manipulate the contents of jars. Also like bowls, bottles and jars were probably multipurpose pots. Bottles could be storage, serving, and possibly drinking vessels, and jars could be storage, cooking, and serving vessels. Pans are extremely wide shallow bowls that could have been used for a myriad of foodpreparation tasks. The potters decorated some of the vessels they made.

As will be demonstrated in Chapter 6, the morphology of the Angel plates is also chronologically signi¤cant. 42 Decorated Vessel Forms In order to evaluate whether the shorter standard plate rims are ®atter (approaching 90 degrees) and the longer deep rim plate rims are more vertical, the standard plate and deep rim plate forms were subdivided by plate rim width (PRW) into small standard plates (28 ≤ PRW ≤ 55 mm), large standard plates (56 ≤ PRW ≤ 65 mm), small deep rim plates (66 ≤ PRW ≤ 81 mm), and large deep rim plates (82 ≤ PRW ≤ 122 mm).

The microscopic examination of paste and temper was used to check the macroscopic classi¤cation of sherds and to identify nonlocal vessels. However, more recent compositional studies (Cordell 1993; Fischbeck et al. 1990) have as stated goals the investigation of resource use and exchange patterns. Technological studies have generated much needed information on the manufacture of Mississippian pottery (Gibson 1993:33–34). Million (1975a, 1975b, 1976) and van der Leeuw (1981) have described the ways in which pots were formed.

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