Download Quantitative linguistics by Marie Těšitelová PDF

By Marie Těšitelová

Because the Sixties quantitative linguistics has gone through a superb improvement marked particularly through makes an attempt to paintings systematically with language phenomena on all language degrees. along with conventional parts the place major effects have been already completed sooner than the 60s (phonology, graphemics and lexicology), quantitative linguistics has now additionally penetrated into morphology, syntax, stylistics, historical past and typology of Read more...

content material: QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; CONTENTS; I. QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; II. tools of analysis; III. the most parts OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; IV. different domain names OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; V. the applying OF the result of QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; VI. QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS AND desktops; VII. views OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; NOTES; REFERENCES; record OF ABBREVIATIONS OF THE ANALYZED TEXTS AND different LANGUAGE fabrics; checklist of different ABBREVIATIONS; identify INDEX; topic INDEX;
summary:

offers a entire account of a number of the advancements and purposes in quantitative linguistics. After an outline of equipment utilized in quantitative linguistics, it discusses the most areas: Read more...

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Sample text

Zipf; therefore we sometimes speak about the Estoup - Zipf Law. Zipf s starting point is the hypothesis that in every language tendencies exist towards maintaining a balance between the frequency of a word and the number of words having this frequency. There are two "forces" work­ ing against each other: One of them tries to cause words to have the highest possible frequency and thus their number would be low. The other force works against it promoting the highest possible number of different words with relatively low frequencies.

This empirical finding holds in principle for all languages; differences are due to the typological character of the given language, or, as the case may be, to the conception of the unit. , in Czech and other Slavonic languages conjunctions, prepositions, pronouns, in Ger­ manic and Romanic languages also articles, is mostly related to their function of connectives. In written or spoken communication, however, we choose words - especially meaningful words - according to what we are 56 IL METHODS OF RESEARCH to or want to communicate.

By sampling of material for quantitative analysis we understand: (1) the way in which the sampling is carried out (in the statistical sense of the word) if we do not work with whole texts but only with their parts; (2)the r e s u l t of the action of sampling, or the size of the sample (material, corpus) in general; it may concern texts of the individual styles, individual works, etc. 32 II. 1. Types of sampling Quantitative analysis should concern the "whole language", all texts as well as whole texts, to enable us to determine the parameters of the language, not only its characteristics.

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