By Pascale Hatcher
With Asia as its backdrop, this booklet investigates the function performed by way of the realm financial institution crew (WBG) in conceptualising and selling new mining regimes adapted for resource-rich state consumers. It information a specific politics of mining within the worldwide South characterized through the transplanting, hijacking and contesting of the WBG's mining time table.
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Additional resources for Regimes of Risk: The World Bank and the Transformation of Mining in Asia
In an analysis of the conceptualisation of the notion of ‘risk’ in the mining The World Bank Group, Mining Regimes, and Theoretical Insights 33 sector, Emel and Huber argue that capital has come to claim a monopoly over the idea of risk: Largely ignored in the financial risk lexicon are the environmental, economic, social and public health risks to the landowner whether it be the host state or the local community. These latter risks – recognized as significant by local community members, indigenous groups, and nongovernmental organizations that resist mines – are viewed by investors, banks, and mining companies as engineering and social issues that can be mitigated.
In the introduction to ‘Neither the Washington Consensus nor the PostWashington Consensus’, Fine et al. (2001) suggest that while the PWC does introduce a shift in practices, it does not challenge the roots of the former Consensus. So while there is a change, it is one that is far from radical politics as it does not dispute the neoliberal basis of the structural adjustment era. 4). 2). 32 Significantly, while there is continuity in the change, the SDM is more than a mere discursive shift. Throughout this book, the SDM is seen as a specific agenda encompassing both the PWC narrative and new development mechanisms brought forth on the ground.
This substantial influence of MIGA and IFC in the mining sector is closely linked to the fact that they are integral parts of the WBG. As such, both affiliates draw on the significant economic and political weight wielded by the multilateral organisation. 4). As further summarised by MIGA: As part of the World Bank Group, and having as our shareholders both host countries and investor countries, MIGA brings security and credibility to an investment that is unmatched. Our presence in a potential investment can literally transform a ‘no-go’ into a ‘go’.