Download Romance Objects: Transitivity in Romance Languages by Giuliana Fiorentino (ed.) PDF

By Giuliana Fiorentino (ed.)

The quantity brings jointly the papers learn on the foreign convention on Romance items equipped through the Linguistics division of the Roma Tre college. it truly is characterised by means of a notable uniformity of technique, that is practical, and of method. some of the case reports in regards to the item specialize in the syntax/semantics and syntax/pragmatics interfaces. the typical denominator of the 10 enquiries is the id of the item class, the DO particularly, in Romance languages; whilst many of the members relate the explicit subject to extra common questions of linguistic typology. a number of the essays are in line with the research of knowledge from a corpus and current a diachronic photograph of the evolution of the explicit subject investigated. therefore this quantity is addressed not just to students drawn to the Romance languages but in addition all those that examine the thing classification in a cross-linguistic viewpoint.

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He shows that they both partake of some properties of "objecthood" as it is usually conceived of, and are to be distinguished from ordinary objects by other properties. Their ambiguous nature is illustrated by cases like (14), in French, where the orthography indicates hesitation between analysing the noun phrase in question as an object and considering it as a circumstancial complement. (14) les efforts que ce travail m 'a coüte / coütes 'the efforts that this work cost me' The French Academy in 1878 preferred coüti (measure complement) and later prescribed coütes (object) (Grevisse 1964: 717).

In such languages, two or three, or in a few cases as many as four actantial relations are expressed by verbal grammemes. Three examples will illustrate this constellation: Basque, Ubykh, and Abkhaz (see Bossong 1982, 1984). Ubykh is a language of the North-Western Caucasian language family which has recently become extinct and was residually spoken in Turkey since the 19th century; Abkhaz belongs to the same family and is still spoken and written in its original homeland. Incidentally, there are many surprising structural parallels between Basque and the North-Western Caucasian languages.

Dominu-m 'lord-ACC') and other ancient Indo-European languages, such as Greek and Sanskrit, show this type of constellation. Here are a few textual examples: (4) acarya-h sisya- m pasyati teacher-NOM pupil-ACC sees 'The teacher sees the pupil' {Sanskrit} ono-s hippo-η emakarizen donkey-NOM horse-ACC called-lucky 'The donkey praised the horse for his luck' {Classical Greek/ Aesop 328} lupu-s arguebat vulpe-m furt-i crimin-e wolf-NOM accused fox-ACC theft-GEN crime-ABL 'The wolf accused the fox of the crime of theft' {Latin/ Phaedrus 1,10} Neither in Latin nor in the other classical languages quoted is equipollence the only principle of morphological marking; there is a great deal of privativity in the declension system in each of these languages.

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