By Sandy Gow
Roughnecks, Rock Bits, and Rigs:The Evolution of Oil good Drilling know-how in Alberta, 1883-1970, is a close learn of a massive and little-documented quarter of the background of oil and gasoline in Alberta. it's the first finished learn to target the applied sciences that made Alberta's oil manageable. writer Sandy Gow offers an in-depth examine the evolution of oil good drilling know-how from 1883 via 1970, the period of traditional oil exploration within the province. throughout the early exploration years, the participants operating within the oilfield built and tailored applied sciences, akin to drill bits and gear resources, to fit their particular wishes, principally via trial and mistake. This spirit of innovation and ingenuity is captured in bills of the evolution of drilling tactics and kit, in addition to within the own tales of these who labored at the rigs. Gow places the know-how of the oilfield into context with an outline of the background and geology of oil and fuel in Alberta, in addition to a glance on the human aspect of this very important provincial undefined.
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Extra resources for Roughnecks, Rock Bits And Rigs: The Evolution Of Oil Well Drilling Technology In Alberta, 1883-1970
Map by Jan Vandenberg. Oil Field Sites: 1. Leduc-Woodbend 13. Wizard Lake 2. Redwater 14. Bonnie Glen 3. Joarcam 15. Westerose 4. Golden Spike 16. Drumheller 5. Stettler 17. New Norway 6. Excelsior 18. Malmo 7. Bon Accord 19. Clive 8. Fenn-Big Valley 20. Joffre 9. Acheson 21. Rimbey 10. Duhamel 22. Pembina 11. Barons 23. Sturgeon Lake 12. Glen Park number of smaller independent oil companies, some formed immediately after the strike at Leduc #1, appeared on the scene. 97 The producing wells at Leduc played a crucial role in tipping the scales.
Below the plains lies one of the world’s largest sedimentary basins, and its structures do not present the same challenges for the driller. The Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin occupied the region between the Rockies and the Canadian Shield, an ancient structure of metamorphic and igneous rock. Sandwiched in between lie the ﬂat Interior Plains with their widest part along the Canada-United States border, narrowing to the point where the Mackenzie River basin meets the Arctic Ocean. They spread from the Northwest Territories through northeastern British Columbia, Alberta, and central and southern Saskatchewan, and include southern Manitoba.
The sediments and organisms were deposited over thousands of years to build up a layer or formation of substantial thickness. 1 Any movement in the crust of the earth, or changes in the paths followed by the rivers and streams, meant that a different material could appear at the bottom of the sea. 2 Beneath the surface lay the materials which were eventually to contain petroleum. 4 This natural gas (1920s) has come to the of oil into a trap. Diagram courtesy of surface from below a slough or creek Conaway, The Petroleum Industry, p.