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By Geoffrey Leech

In fresh a long time a revolution in linguistic concept has restored semantics to a valuable place within the learn of language. Geoffrey Leech's ebook is a research of the problems therefore dropped at the fore.

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Notes to Chapter 1 1. ) 1994, vol. 1 (in particular the introduction) and Otero (forthcoming). 2. On the assumptions of "constructive skepticism," see Popkin 1979:48, 140; cf. Chomsky 1980: 1516, 142. 3. They were Drs. Keith and Virginia Hayes, the first husband and wife team of contemporary psychologists to study the communication abilities of chimps. There were of course earlier attempts to teach apes human language, going back to at < previous page page_15 next page > < previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 least the time of La Mettrie's L'homme-machine (1747).

13. For more serious sources, see Linden 1976, Seidenberg & Pettito 1979, and Ristau & Robbins 1982. 14. See Premack 1976. Significantly, Premack was unable to replicate his success with Sarah with subsequent chimpanzees, which suggests that Sarah was out of the ordinary (extraordinarily intelligent). This is reminiscent of earlier findings by Koehler which will be referred to in chapter 3. 15. The Sciences, November 1979, p. 7. Cf. Chomsky 1980, p. 57. 16. For a broader sample, see Chomsky 1992a, from which some of these remarks have been culled.

The following considerations may be of help. < previous page page_22 next page > < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 Let us begin with some aspects of simple words deliberately left out in the preceding section. As was fleetingly mentioned in chapter 1, any human knows that a brown house may have a nonbrown interior; that if I am near my brown house, I am outside my house, not inside (no matter how near I am to the inner face of the exterior walls); and that if I see my house when I am inside it I am seeing part of its exterior (perhaps with the help of a mirror).

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