By Gudrun Kochendorfer-Lucius, Boris Pleskovic
The Berlin Workshop sequence 2004 offers chosen papers from conferences held July 8-10, 2002, on the 5th annual discussion board co-hosted by way of InWEnt and the area financial institution in instruction for the Bank's global improvement document. on the 2002 conferences, key researchers and policymakers from Europe, the us, and constructing nations met to spot and brainstorm on improvement demanding situations and successes that have been later tested in-depth on the earth improvement document 2004: Making prone paintings for negative humans. This quantity provides papers from Berlin Workshop classes on supply, financing, incentives, and thoughts in carrier provision—from the views of nongovernmental businesses, the personal area, and governments. The workshop investigated how nations may speed up growth towards the Millennium improvement pursuits via making carrier paintings for individuals dwelling in poverty. members hailed winning strategies; took a troublesome examine a number of the mess ups; and drew conclusions approximately the way to examine from either so as to advisor policymakers, donors, and electorate on how you can enhance the supply of uncomplicated prone: future health, schooling, and water. during this quantity: Introductory feedback by way of Gudrun Kochend?rfer-Lucius and Boris Pleskovic; a gap handle by means of Wolf-Dieter Eberwein; keynote addresses by way of Nicholas Stern and Boris Nemtsov; papers by way of Daniele Giusti, Jeremy Hobbs, Kathy Bartlett and Anwar Poonawala, Michael Kremer, Hema Viswanathan, Junaid Ahmad, Yuzhao Wang, Orvill Adams and William Savedoff, John Newman, Jean-Philippe Platteau, Mwatumu Malale, Olav Seim, and Thomas Wollenzien; and concluding feedback by means of Shantayanan Devarajan and Ritva Reinikka.
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Additional info for Service Provision for the Poor: Public and Private Sector Cooperation Berlin Workshop Series 2004 (Berlin Workshop Series)
NGOs should not take on governments’ roles, especially if this lets them avoid their obligations, unless no other options are available. NGOs need to have the greatest impact they can with their limited resources, and Oxfam believes that they can have such an impact by changing policies that impede development. If Oxfam were primarily a provider of services—a government subcontractor—its ability to critique governments and the multilateral development banks would be limited, but Oxfam argues that such critique is important if it is to maximize opportunities for poor communities.
Although identifying space for a preschool program could have been difficult in urban Mombasa, the solution of using the traditional madrassahs (see box 1) was rooted in the program’s rationale: building on local communities’ culture and religious values. Moreover, in East Africa the madrassahs were largely unused in the mornings because most classes were given in the afternoons and evenings. Madrassahs are referred to by various names in the different countries in which they exist *Anwar Poonawala, director of the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development in Geneva, presented comments on the Madrasa Early Childhood Programme at the Berlin Workshop meetings in July 2002.
When costs started escalating at the beginning of the 1990s, the subsector developed the coping mechanisms referred to earlier, which were effective for some time, but eventually had to be abandoned as unsustainable. Since then, especially in the last few years, budgets have increased substantially. For example, an increase of 70 percent over six years has been observed for Uganda’s Catholic hospitals (see figure 3). Figure 3 also shows how government subsidies have displaced user fees as a source of income.